10-K 1 npbs10k030817.htm

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For fiscal year ended December 31, 2016

 

Commission File Number 000-33411

 

New Peoples Bankshares, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Virginia   31-1804543
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
67 Commerce Drive   24260
Honaker, VA    
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (276) 873-7000

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Common Stock - $2 Par Value

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [ ] No [ X ]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 of Section 15 (d) of the Act. Yes [ ] No [ X ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [ X ] No [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [ X ] No [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K Section 229.405 is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ X ]

 

 

 
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer” , “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer   [ ]     Accelerated filer   [ ]
Non-accelerated filer   [ ] (Do not check if smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting company   [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [ ] No [ X ]

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates, based on the last reported sales prices of $1.50 per share on the last business day of the second quarter of 2016 was $15,017,102.

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock was 23,355,457 as of March 10, 2017.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

 

The Proxy Statement for New Peoples Bankshares, Inc’s 2017 Annual Meeting to Shareholders, is incorporated into Items 10 through 14 of this form 10-K.

 

 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
     
PART I    
Item 1. Business 1
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 11
     
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 11
     
Item 2. Properties 11
     
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 12
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 12
     
PART II    
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters  
  and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 13
     
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 13
     
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and  
  Results of Operations 14
     
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 32
     
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 32
     
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on   
  Accounting and Financial Disclosure 69
     
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 69
     
Item 9B. Other Information 69
     
PART III    
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 70
     
Item 11. Executive Compensation 70
     
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and  
  Related Stockholder Matters 70
     
Item 13. Certain Relationships, Related Transactions and Director Independence 70
     
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 70
     
PART IV    
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 71
     
SIGNATURES   72

 

 
 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

General

 

New Peoples Bankshares, Inc. (New Peoples) is a Virginia financial holding company headquartered in Honaker, Virginia. From January 1, 2009 to March 3, 2016, New Peoples was a bank holding company. On March 4, 2016 the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond approved New Peoples’s election to become a financial holding company. Our business is conducted primarily through New Peoples Bank, Inc., a Virginia banking corporation (the Bank). The Bank has a division doing business as New Peoples Financial Services which offers investment services through its broker-dealer relationship with LPL Financial Services, Inc. NPB Insurance Services, Inc. (NPB Insurance) is a subsidiary of the Bank and offers insurance services only.

 

The Bank offers a range of banking and related financial services focused primarily on serving individuals, small to medium size businesses, and the professional community. We strive to serve the banking needs of our customers while developing personal, hometown relationships with them. Our board of directors believes that marketing customized banking services enables us to establish a niche in the financial services marketplace where we do business.

 

The Bank is headquartered in Honaker, Virginia and operates 19 full service offices in southwestern Virginia, southern West Virginia and eastern Tennessee. The Bank also operates a loan production office in the eastern Tennessee county of Washington.

 

We provide professionals and small and medium size businesses in our market area with responsive and technologically enabled banking services. These services include loans that are priced on a deposit relationship basis, easy access to our decision makers, and quick and innovative action necessary to meet a customer’s banking needs. Our capitalization and lending limit enable us to satisfy the credit needs of a large portion of the targeted market segment. When a customer needs a loan that exceeds our lending limit, we try to find other financial institutions to participate in the loan with us.

 

Our History

 

The Bank was incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia on December 9, 1997 and began operations on October 28, 1998. On September 27, 2001, the shareholders of the Bank approved a plan of reorganization under which they exchanged their shares of Bank common stock for shares of New Peoples common stock. On November 30, 2001, the reorganization was completed and the Bank became New Peoples’ wholly-owned subsidiary.

 

In June 2003, New Peoples formed two new wholly-owned subsidiaries, NPB Financial Services, Inc. (currently named NPB Insurance Services, Inc.) and NPB Web Services, Inc. (NPB Web), a web design and hosting company.

 

The Bank, through its division New Peoples Financial services, offers fixed and variable annuities, fee based asset management and other investment products through a broker/dealer relationship with LPL Financial Services, Inc.

 

NPB Web is inactive.

 

In July 2004, NPB Capital Trust I was formed to issue $11.3 million in trust preferred securities.

 

In September 2006, NPB Capital Trust 2 was formed to issue $5.2 million in trust preferred securities.

 

 

In July 2016, the Bank and its wholly-owned subsidiary NPB Insurance Services, Inc. commenced a business relationship with The Hilb Group of Virginia dba CSE Insurance Services, a division of the Hilb Group, LLC (“CSE”), located in Abingdon, Virginia, to provide insurance services for the Bank’s current and future customers. Effective July 1, 2016, NPB Insurance Services, Inc. sold its existing book of business to CSE. These customers are now serviced by CSE and the Bank refers future insurance needs of its bank customers to CSE.

 

Branch Locations

 

After a period of significant branch expansion between 2000 and 2008, we have consolidated some of our branch operations to improve efficiency. Currently, in addition to our headquarters in Honaker, Virginia we have 18 branches located in Abingdon, Virginia; Big Stone Gap, Virginia; Bluefield, Virginia; Bristol, Virginia; Castlewood, Virginia; Chilhowie, Virginia; Clintwood, Virginia; Gate City, Virginia; Grundy, Virginia; Haysi, Virginia; Lebanon, Virginia; Pound, Virginia; Pounding Mill, Virginia; Tazewell, Virginia; Weber City, Virginia; Wise, Virginia; Princeton, West Virginia; and Kingsport, Tennessee. In July 2016, a loan production office was opened in Jonesborough, Tennessee.

 

Our Market Areas

 

Our primary market area consists of southwestern Virginia, southern West Virginia and northeastern Tennessee. Specifically, we operate in the southwestern Virginia counties of Russell, Scott, Washington, Tazewell, Buchanan, Dickenson, Wise, and Smyth; Mercer county in southern West Virginia and the northeastern Tennessee county of Sullivan and Washington (collectively, the “Tri-State Area”). The close proximity and mobile nature of individuals and businesses in adjoining counties and nearby cities in Virginia, West Virginia and Tennessee place these markets within our Bank’s targeted trade area, as well.

 

Accessibility to Interstates I-77, I-81, I-26, I-64 and I-75, as well as major state and U.S. highways including US 19, US 23, US 58, US 460 and US 421, make the area an ideal location for businesses to serve markets in the Mid-Atlantic, Southeast and Midwest. The area is strategically located midway between Atlanta-Pittsburgh, Charlotte-Cincinnati, and Richmond-Louisville, and is within a day’s drive of more than half of the U.S. population. A regional airport located in Bristol, Tennessee serves the area with commercial flights to and from major cities in the United States. Commercial rail service providers include CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railways.

 

The Tri-State Area has a diversified economy supported by natural resources, which include coal, natural gas, limestone, and timber; agriculture; healthcare; education; technology; manufacturing and services industries. Predominantly, the market is comprised of locally-owned and operated small businesses. Considerable investments in high-technology communications, high-speed broadband network and infrastructure have been made which has opened the area to large technology companies and future business development potential for new and existing businesses. Industries are taking advantage of the low cost of doing business, training opportunities, available workforce and an exceptional quality of life experience for employers and employees alike.

 

Internet Site

 

We have our internet banking site at www.newpeoplesbank.com. The site includes a customer service area that contains branch and ATM locations, product descriptions and current interest rates offered on deposit accounts. Customers with internet access can access account balances, make transfers between accounts, enter stop payment orders, order checks, and use an optional bill paying service.

 

Available Information

 

We file annual, quarterly, and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). Our SEC filings are filed electronically and are available to the public online at the SEC’s web site at www.sec.gov. In addition, any document we file with the SEC can be read and copied at the SEC’s public reference facilities at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Copies of documents can be obtained at prescribed rates by writing to the Public Reference Section of the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. We also provide a link to our filings on the SEC website, free of charge, through our internet website www.npbankshares.com under "Investor Relations."

 

 

Banking Services

 

General. We accept deposits, make consumer and commercial loans, issue drafts, and provide other services customarily offered by a commercial bank, such as business and personal checking and savings accounts, walk-up tellers, drive-in windows, and 24-hour automated teller machines. The Bank is a member of the Federal Reserve System and its deposits are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (the FDIA) to the maximum limit.

 

Loans. Generally, we offer a full range of short-to-medium term commercial, 1-4 family residential mortgages and personal loans. Commercial loans include both secured and unsecured loans for working capital (including inventory and receivables), business expansion (including acquisition of real estate and improvements) and purchase of equipment and machinery. Consumer loans may include secured and unsecured loans for financing automobiles, home improvements, education, personal investments and other purposes.

 

Our lending activities are subject to a variety of lending limits imposed by state law. While differing limits may apply in certain circumstances based on the type of loan or the nature of the borrower (including the borrower’s relationship to the Bank), the Bank generally is subject to a loan-to-one-borrower limit of an amount equal to 15% of its capital and surplus plus the allowance for loan losses. The Bank voluntarily may choose to impose a policy limit on loans to a single borrower that is less than the legal lending limit.

 

We obtain short-to-medium term commercial and personal loans through direct solicitation of business owners and continued business from existing customers. Completed loan applications are reviewed by our loan officers. As part of the application process, information is obtained concerning the income, financial condition, employment and credit history of the applicant. If commercial real estate is involved, information is also obtained concerning cash flow after debt service. Loan quality is analyzed based on the Bank’s experience and its credit underwriting guidelines.

 

Loans by type as a percentage of total loans are as follows:

           
  December 31,
  2016 2015 2014 2013 2012
Commercial, financial and agricultural 11.75% 10.76% 10.99% 11.70% 12.61%
Real estate – construction 5.50% 3.33% 3.37% 4.55% 4.66%
Real estate – commercial 22.05% 22.34% 23.62% 25.59% 28.70%
Real estate – residential 55.97% 58.00% 56.37% 52.87% 48.39%
Installment loans to individuals 4.73% 5.57% 5.65% 5.29% 5.64%
Total 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

 

Commercial Loans. We make commercial loans to qualified businesses in our market area. Our commercial lending consists primarily of commercial and industrial loans to finance accounts receivable, inventory, property, plant and equipment. Commercial business loans generally have a higher degree of risk than residential mortgage loans, but have commensurately higher yields. Residential mortgage loans are generally made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from employment and other income and are secured by real estate whose value tends to be easily ascertainable. In contrast, commercial business loans typically are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from cash flow from its business and are secured by business assets, such as commercial real estate, accounts receivable, equipment and inventory. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial business loans may be substantially dependent on the success of the business itself.

 

Further, the collateral for commercial business loans may depreciate over time and cannot be appraised with as much precision as residential real estate. To manage these risks, our underwriting guidelines require us to secure commercial loans with both the assets of the borrowing business and other additional collateral and guarantees that may be available. In addition, we actively monitor certain measures of the borrower, including advance rate, cash flow, collateral value and other appropriate credit factors.

 

 

Residential Mortgage Loans. Our residential mortgage loans consist of residential first and second mortgage loans, residential construction loans, home equity lines of credit and term loans secured by first and second mortgages on the residences of borrowers for home improvements, education and other personal expenditures. We make mortgage loans with a variety of terms, including fixed and floating or variable rates and a variety of maturities.

 

Under our underwriting guidelines, residential mortgage loans are generally made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from employment and other income and are secured by real estate whose value tends to be easily ascertainable. These loans are made consistent with our appraisal policies and real estate lending policies, which detail maximum loan-to-value ratios and maturities. New requirements arising out of the response to the recent financial crisis for extending residential mortgage loans may impact our ability to make these types of loans in the same volume as in the past.

 

Construction Loans. Construction lending entails significant additional risks, compared to residential mortgage lending. Construction loans often involve larger loan balances concentrated with single borrowers or groups of related borrowers. Construction loans also involve additional risks attributable to the fact that loan funds are advanced upon the security of property under construction, which is of uncertain value prior to the completion of construction. Thus, it is more difficult to evaluate the total loan funds required to complete a project and related loan-to-value ratios accurately. To minimize the risks associated with construction lending, loan-to-value limitations for residential, multi-family and non-residential construction loans are in place. These are in addition to the usual credit analysis of borrowers. Management feels that the loan-to-value ratios help to minimize the risk of loss and to compensate for normal fluctuations in the real estate market. Maturities for construction loans generally range from 4 to 12 months for residential property and from 6 to 18 months for non-residential and multi-family properties.

 

Consumer Loans. Our consumer loans consist primarily of installment loans to individuals for personal, family and household purposes. The specific types of consumer loans that we make include home improvement loans, debt consolidation loans and general consumer lending. Consumer loans entail greater risk than residential mortgage loans do, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured, such as lines of credit, or secured by rapidly depreciating assets such as automobiles. In such cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance as a result of the greater likelihood of damage, loss or depreciation. The remaining deficiency often does not warrant further substantial collection efforts against the borrower. In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and thus are more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount which can be recovered on such loans. A borrower may also be able to assert against the Bank as an assignee any claims and defenses that it has against the seller of the underlying collateral.

 

Our underwriting policy for consumer loans seeks to limit risk and minimize losses, primarily through a careful analysis of the borrower. In evaluating consumer loans, we require our lending officers to review the borrower’s level and stability of income, past credit history and the impact of these factors on the ability of the borrower to repay the loan in a timely manner. In addition, we maintain an appropriate margin between the loan amount and collateral value.

 

Deposits. We offer a variety of deposit products for both individual and business customers. These include demand deposit, interest-bearing demand deposit, savings deposit, and money market deposit accounts. In addition, we offer certificates of deposit with terms ranging from 7 days to 60 months and individual retirement accounts with terms ranging from 12 months to 60 months.

 

Investment Services. We offer a variety of investment services for both individual and business customers. These services include fixed income products, variable annuities, mutual funds, indexed certificates of deposit, individual retirement accounts, long term care insurance, employee group benefit plans, college savings plans, financial planning, managed money accounts, and estate planning. We offer these services through our broker-dealer relationship with LPL Financial Services, Inc.

 

Other Bank Services. Other bank services include safe deposit boxes, cashier’s checks, certain cash management services, direct deposit of payroll and social security checks and automatic drafts for various accounts. We offer ATM card services that can be used by our customers throughout Virginia and other regions. We also offer consumer and commercial VISA credit card services. Electronic banking services include debit cards, internet banking, telephone banking, mobile banking, remote deposit capture, and wire transfers.

 

 

We do not presently anticipate obtaining trust powers, but we are able to provide similar services through our affiliation with LPL Financial Services, Inc.

 

Competition

 

The banking business is highly competitive. We compete as a financial intermediary with other commercial banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, mortgage banking firms, consumer finance companies, securities brokerage firms, insurance companies, money market mutual funds and other financial institutions operating in the southwestern Virginia, southern West Virginia, and eastern Tennessee market area and elsewhere. Our market area is a highly competitive, highly branched banking market.

 

Competition in the market area for loans to small businesses and professionals, the Bank’s target market, is intense, and pricing is important. Many of our larger competitors have substantially greater resources and lending limits than we have. They offer certain services, such as extensive and established branch networks and trust services that we do not expect to provide or will not provide in the near future. Moreover, larger institutions operating in the market area have access to borrowed funds at lower costs than are available to us. Deposit competition among institutions in the market area also is strong. As a result, it is possible that we may have to pay above-market rates to attract deposits.

 

While pricing is important, our principal method of competition is service. As a community banking organization, we strive to serve the banking needs of our customers while developing personal, hometown relationships with them. As a result, we provide a significant amount of service and a range of products without the fees that customers can expect from larger banking institutions.

 

According to a market share report prepared by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the FDIC), as of June 30, 2016, the most recent date for which market share information is available, the Bank’s deposits as a percentage of total deposits in its major market areas were as follows: Russell County, VA – 23.28%, Scott County, VA – 34.16%, Dickenson County, VA – 27.92%, Tazewell County, VA – 9.24%, Smyth County, VA – 2.27%, Buchanan County, VA – 9.08%, Wise County, VA – 11.40%, Washington County, VA – 2.74%, and the City of Bristol, VA – 1.81%, Mercer County, WV – 5.53%, and City of Kingsport, TN – 1.26%.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2016, we had 255 total employees, of which 243 were full-time employees. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement, and we consider relations with employees to be excellent.

 

Supervision and Regulation

 

General. As a financial holding company, we are subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (“BHCA”), and the examination and reporting requirements of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”). We are also subject to Chapter 13 of the Virginia Banking Act, as amended (“Virginia Act”). As a state-chartered commercial bank, the Bank is subject to regulation, supervision and examination by the Virginia State Corporation Commission’s Bureau of Financial Institutions (“BFI”). As a member of the Federal Reserve system, the Bank is also subject to regulation, supervision and examination by the Federal Reserve. Other federal and state laws, including various consumer protection and compliance laws, govern the activities of the Bank, such as the investments that it makes and the aggregate amount of loans that it may grant to one borrower.

 

The following description summarizes the most significant federal and state laws applicable to New Peoples and its subsidiaries. To the extent that statutory or regulatory provisions are described, the description is qualified in its entirety by reference to that particular statutory or regulatory provision.

 

The Bank Holding Company Act. Under the BHCA, the Federal Reserve examines New Peoples periodically. New Peoples is also required to file periodic reports and provide any additional information that the Federal Reserve may require. Activities at the bank holding company level are generally limited to:

 

 

•       banking, managing or controlling banks;

 

•       furnishing services to or performing services for its subsidiaries; and

 

•       engaging in other activities that the Federal Reserve has determined by regulation or order to be so closely related to banking as to be a proper incident to these activities.

 

Thus, the activities we can engage in are restricted as a matter of law.

 

With some limited exceptions, the BHCA requires every bank holding company to obtain the prior approval of the Federal Reserve before:

 

•       acquiring substantially all the assets of any bank;

 

•       acquiring direct or indirect ownership or control of any voting shares of any bank if after such acquisition it would own or control more than 5% of the voting shares of such bank (unless it already owns or controls the majority of such shares); or

 

•       merging or consolidating with another bank holding company.

 

As a result, our ability to engage in certain strategic activities is conditioned on regulatory approval.

 

In addition, and subject to some exceptions, the BHCA and the Change in Bank Control Act require Federal Reserve approval prior to any person or company acquiring “control” of a bank holding company as defined in the statutes and regulations. These requirements make it more difficult for control of our company to change or for us to acquire substantial investments.

 

Financial Holding Company. As of March 4, 2016 the Company qualified as a financial holding company (“FHC”). The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act created this category of bank holding companies. FHC’s may directly or indirectly through subsidiaries engage in financial activities and activities “incidental” or “complimentary” to financial activities. Generally, a FHC need not give prior notice of acquisitions or activities, but must notify the Federal Reserve within 30 days after the event.

 

The BHCA provides a long list of “financial” activities such as underwriting, brokering or selling insurance; providing financial or investment advice; underwriting; dealing in or making a market in securities.

 

There are other potential “financial” activites in which the Federal Reserve is permitted to designate as permitted financial or incidental to financial activities.

 

We do not currently undertake activities specifically permitted to us as a FHC.

 

The Virginia Act. As a bank holding company registered with the BFI, we must provide the BFI with information concerning our financial condition, operations and management, among other reports required by the BFI. New Peoples is also examined by the BFI in addition to its Federal Reserve examinations. Similar to the BHCA, the Virginia Act requires that the BFI approve the acquisition of direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any Virginia bank or bank holding company like us.

 

Payment of Dividends. New Peoples is a separate legal entity that derives the majority of its revenues from dividends paid to it by its subsidiaries. The Bank is subject to laws and regulations that limit the amount of dividends it can pay. In addition, both New Peoples and the Bank are subject to various regulatory restrictions relating to the payment of dividends, including requirements to maintain capital at or above regulatory minimums. Banking regulators have indicated that banking organizations should generally pay dividends only if the organization’s net income available to common shareholders over the past year has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears consistent with the organization’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. The FDIC has the general authority to limit the dividends paid by FDIC insured banks if the FDIC deems the payment to be an unsafe and unsound practice. The FDIC has indicated that paying dividends that deplete a bank’s capital base to an inadequate level would be an unsound and unsafe banking practice. In October 2009, the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (“Richmond FRB”) restricted the Company from paying dividends without prior approval. This restriction was lifted when the Written Agreement was terminated effective January 20, 2016. For additional discussion concerning the Written Agreement, see Note 3, “Formal Written Agreement”.

 

 

Capital Requirements. The Federal Reserve has issued risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to banking organizations that it supervises. Under the risk-based capital requirements, the Bank and the Company are each generally required to maintain a minimum ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets (including certain off-balance sheet activities, such as standby letters of credit) of 8%. At least half of the total capital must be composed of “Tier 1 Capital”, which is defined as common equity, retained earnings and qualifying perpetual preferred stock, less certain intangibles. The remainder may consist of “Tier 2 Capital”, which is defined as specific subordinated debt, some hybrid capital instruments and other qualifying preferred stock and a limited amount of the loan loss allowance. These risk-based capital standards attempt to measure capital adequacy relative to the institution’s risk profiles. In addition, each of the federal banking regulatory agencies has established minimum leverage capital requirements for banking organizations. Under these requirements, banking organizations must maintain a minimum ratio of Tier 1 capital to adjusted average quarterly assets of between 3% and 5%, subject to federal bank regulatory evaluation of an organization’s overall safety and soundness. The principal objective of the leverage ratio is to constrain the degree to which an institution may leverage its equity capital base. In sum, the capital measures used by the federal banking regulators are:

 

•       the Total Capital ratio, which is the total of Tier 1 Capital and Tier 2 Capital;

 

•       the Tier 1 Capital ratio;

 

•       the Leverage ratio; and,

 

•       the Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio.

 

Under these regulations, a bank will be:

 

• “well capitalized” if it has a Total Capital ratio of 10% or greater, a Tier 1 Capital ratio of 6% or greater, a leverage ratio of 5% or greater, and is not subject to any written agreement, order, capital directive, or prompt corrective action directive by a federal bank regulatory agency to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure;

 

• “adequately capitalized” if it has a Total Capital ratio of 8% or greater, a Tier 1 Capital ratio of 4% or greater, and a leverage ratio of 4% or greater – or 3% in certain circumstances – and is not well capitalized;

 

• “undercapitalized” if it has a Total Capital ratio of less than 8%, a Tier 1 Capital ratio of less than 4% - or 3% in certain circumstances;

 

• “significantly undercapitalized” if it has a Total Capital ratio of less than 6%, a Tier 1 Capital ratio of less than 3%, or a leverage ratio of less than 3%; or

 

• “critically undercapitalized” if its tangible equity is equal to or less than 2% of average quarterly tangible assets,

 

The risk-based capital standards of the Federal Reserve explicitly identify concentrations of credit risk and the risk arising from non-traditional activities, as well as an institution’s ability to manage these risks, as important factors to be taken into account by the agency in assessing an institution’s overall capital adequacy. The capital guidelines also provide that an institution’s exposure to a decline in the economic value of its capital due to changes in interest rates be considered as a factor in evaluating a banking organization’s capital adequacy. Thus, the capital level of a bank can be of regulatory concern even if it is “well-capitalized” under the regulatory formula and a “well-capitalized” bank can be required to maintain even higher capital levels based on its asset quality or other regulatory concerns.

 

 

The regulators may take various corrective actions with respect to a financial institution considered to be capital deficient. These powers include, but are not limited to, requiring the institution to be recapitalized, prohibiting asset growth, restricting interest rates paid or dividends, requiring prior approval of capital distributions by any bank holding company that controls the institution, requiring divestiture by the institution of its subsidiaries or by the holding company of the institution itself, requiring new election of directors, and requiring the dismissal of directors and officers. Bank holding companies can be called upon to boost their subsidiary bank’s capital and to partially guarantee the institution’s performance under its capital restoration plan. If this occurs, capital which otherwise would be available for holding company purposes, including possible distributions to shareholders, would be required to be downstreamed to the subsidiary bank. As of December 31, 2016, the Bank was “well capitalized,” with a Total Capital ratio of 16.64%; a Tier 1 Capital ratio of 15.39%; a leverage ratio of 9.93%, and a Common Equity Tier 1 Capital ratio of 15.39%.

 

New Capital Requirements. On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve adopted final Basel III capital rules for U.S. banking organizations. Effective January 1, 2015, the final rules require the Company and the Bank to comply with the following new minimum capital ratios: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% of risk-weighted assets; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.0% of risk-weighted assets (increased from the current requirement of 4.0%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8.0% of risk-weighted assets (unchanged from current requirement); and (iv) a leverage ratio of 4.0% of total assets. These are the initial capital requirements and the remainder will be phased in over a five-year period. When fully phased in on January 1, 2019, the rules will require the Company and the Bank to maintain (i) a minimum ratio of common equity Tier 1 to risk-weighted assets of at least 4.5%, plus a 2.5% “capital conservation buffer” (which is added to the 4.5% common equity Tier 1 ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum ratio of common equity Tier 1 to risk-weighted assets of at least 7.0% upon full implementation), (ii) a minimum ratio of Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 6.0%, plus the capital conservation buffer (which is added to the 6.0% Tier 1 capital ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5% upon full implementation), (iii) a minimum ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets of at least 8.0%, plus the capital conservation buffer (which is added to the 8.0% total capital ratio as that buffer is phased in, effectively resulting in a minimum total capital ratio of 10.5% upon full implementation), and (iv) a minimum leverage ratio of 4.0%, calculated as the ratio of Tier 1 capital to average assets.

 

The capital conservation buffer requirement will be phased in beginning January 1, 2016, at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets, increasing each year until fully implemented at 2.5% on January 1, 2019. The capital conservation buffer is designed to absorb losses during periods of economic stress. Banking institutions with a ratio of common equity Tier 1 to risk-weighted assets above the minimum but below the conservation buffer will face constraints on dividends, equity repurchases, and compensation based on the amount of the shortfall.

 

With respect to the Bank, the rules also revised the “prompt corrective action” regulations pursuant to Section 38 of the FDIA by (i) introducing a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio requirement at each level (other than critically undercapitalized), with the required ratio being 6.5% for well-capitalized status; (ii) increasing the minimum Tier 1 capital ratio requirement for each category, with the minimum ratio for well-capitalized status being 8.0% (as compared to the current 6.0%); and (iii) eliminating the current provision that provides that a bank with a composite supervisory rating of 1 may have a 3.0% Tier 1 leverage ratio and still be well-capitalized.

 

The new capital requirements also include changes in the risk weights of assets to better reflect credit risk and other risk exposures. These include a 150% risk weight (up from 100%) for certain high volatility commercial real estate acquisition, development and construction loans and nonresidential mortgage loans that are 90 days past due or otherwise on nonaccrual status, a 20% (up from 0%) credit conversion factor for the unused portion of a commitment with an original maturity of one year or less that is not unconditionally cancellable, a 250% risk weight (up from 100%) for mortgage servicing rights and deferred tax assets that are not deducted from capital, and increased risk-weights (from 0% to up to 600%) for equity exposures.

 

As a result of the new capital requirements effective January 1, 2015, the Bank experienced increases in its capital levels. Part of this increase was due to the regulatory changes concerning deferred tax assets being excluded in the capital calculations. As a result of the deferred tax valuation allowance of $5.7 million as of December 31, 2015, which had been expensed in prior years, we did not have to deduct any of our deferred tax assets in the calculation of our capital ratios for 2015. For our 2016 capital ratios, we only had to deduct $151 thousand of our deferred tax asset due to the deferred tax valuation allowance of $5.4 million as of December 31, 2016. In prior years we would have had to deduct the portion of our deferred tax asset that would only be recognizable in a one year time period. See Note 22 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of our capital requirements and ratios.

 

 

Other Safety and Soundness Regulations. There are a number of obligations and restrictions imposed on bank holding companies and their bank subsidiaries by federal law and regulatory policy that are designed to reduce potential loss exposure to the depositors of such depository institutions and to the FDIC insurance funds in the event that the depository institution is insolvent or is in danger of becoming insolvent. For example, the Federal Reserve requires a bank holding company to serve as a source of financial strength to its subsidiary depository institutions and to commit resources to support such institutions in circumstances where it might not do so otherwise. These requirements can restrict the ability of bank holding companies to deploy their capital as they otherwise might.

 

Interstate Banking and Branching. Banks in Virginia may branch without geographic restriction. Current federal law authorizes interstate acquisitions of banks and bank holding companies without geographic limitation. Bank holding companies may acquire banks in any state without regard to state law except for state laws requiring a minimum time a bank must be in existence to be acquired. The Virginia Act generally permits out of state bank holding companies or banks to acquire Virginia banks or bank holding companies subject to regulatory approval. These laws have the effect of increasing competition in banking markets.

 

Monetary Policy. The commercial banking business is affected not only by general economic conditions but also by the monetary policies of the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve’s monetary policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks in the past and are expected to continue to do so in the future. In view of unsettled conditions in the national and international political environment, economy and money markets, as well as governmental fiscal and monetary policies their impact on interest rates, deposit levels, loan demand or the business and earnings of the Bank is unpredictable.

 

Federal Reserve System. Depository institutions that maintain transaction accounts or nonpersonal time deposits are subject to reserve requirements. These reserve requirements are subject to adjustment by the Federal Reserve. Because required reserves must be maintained in the form of vault cash or in a non-interest-bearing account at, or on behalf of, a Federal Reserve Bank, the effect of the reserve requirement is to reduce the amount of the institution’s interest-earning assets.

 

Transactions with Affiliates. Transactions between banks and their affiliates are governed by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. These provisions restrict the amount and provide conditions with respect to loans, investments, transfers of assets and other transactions between New Peoples and the Bank.

 

Loans to Insiders. The Bank is subject to rules on the amount, terms and risks associated with loans to executive officers, directors, principal shareholders and their related interests.

 

Community Reinvestment Act. Under the Community Reinvestment Act, depository institutions have an affirmative obligation to assist in meeting the credit needs of their market areas, including low and moderate-income areas, consistent with safe and sound banking practice. The Community Reinvestment Act emphasizes the delivery of bank products and services through branch locations in its market areas and requires banks to keep data reflecting their efforts to assist in its community’s credit needs. Depository institutions are periodically examined for compliance with the Community Reinvestment Act and are periodically assigned ratings in this regard. Banking regulators consider a depository institution’s Community Reinvestment Act rating when reviewing applications to establish new branches, undertake new lines of business, and/or acquire part or all of another depository institution. An unsatisfactory rating can significantly delay or even prohibit regulatory approval of a proposed transaction by a bank holding company or its depository institution subsidiaries. A bank holding company will not be permitted to become a financial holding company and no new activities authorized under the GLBA (see below) may be commenced by a holding company or by a bank financial subsidiary if any of its bank subsidiaries received less than a “satisfactory” rating in its latest Community Reinvestment Act examination. The Bank received a rating of “Satisfactory” at its last Community Reinvestment Act performance evaluation, as of June 13, 2016.

 

 

Other Laws. Banks and other depository institutions also are subject to numerous consumer-oriented laws and regulations. These laws, which include the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003 and the Fair Housing Act, require compliance by depository institutions with various disclosure and consumer information handling requirements. These and other similar laws result in significant costs to financial institutions and create potential liability for financial institutions, including the imposition of regulatory penalties for inadequate compliance.

 

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999. The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (“GLBA”) covers a broad range of issues, including a repeal of most of the restrictions on affiliations among depository institutions, securities firms and insurance companies.

 

For example, the GLBA permits unrestricted affiliations between banks and securities firms. It also permits bank holding companies to elect to become financial holding companies, which can engage in a broad range of financial services including securities activities such as underwriting, dealing, investment, merchant banking, insurance underwriting, sales and brokerage activities. In order to become a financial holding company, a bank holding company and all of its affiliated depository institutions must be well-capitalized, well-managed and have at least a satisfactory Community Reinvestment Act rating. We converted from a financial holidng company to a bank holding company on January 1, 2009 and remained a bank holding company until March 3, 2016. On March 4, 2016 the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond approved New Peoples’s election to convert back to a financial holding company.

 

Essentially as discussed above, GLBA removed many of the limitations on affiliations between commercial banks and their holding companies and other financially related business that had been in place since the Depression. Recently, this effect of GLBA has been the subject of controversy and cited as one of the causes of the financial services crisis. As a result, The Dodd-Frank Act (as discussed later) addressed some of the criticized aspects of GLBA.

 

The GLBA also provides that the states continue to have the authority to regulate insurance activities, but prohibits the states in most instances from preventing or significantly interfering with the ability of a bank, directly or through an affiliate, to engage in insurance sales, solicitations or cross-marketing activities.

 

USA Patriot Act. The USA Patriot Act provides for the facilitation of information sharing among governmental entities and financial institutions for the purpose of combating terrorism and money laundering. Regulatory authorities must consider the effectiveness of a financial institution’s anti-money laundering activities, for example, its procedures for effective customer identification, when reviewing bank mergers and acquisitions. Various other laws and regulations require the Bank to cooperate with governmental authorities in respect to counter-terrorism activities. Although it does create a reporting obligation and cost of compliance for the Bank, the USA Patriot Act has not materially affected New Peoples’ products, services or other business activities.

 

Privacy and Fair Credit Reporting. Financial institutions, such as the Bank, are required to disclose their privacy policies to customers and consumers and require that such customers or consumers be given a choice (through an opt-out notice) to forbid the sharing of nonpublic personal information about them with nonaffiliated third persons. The Bank also requires business partners with whom it shares such information to assure the Bank that they have adequate security safeguards and to abide by the redisclosure and reuse provisions of applicable law. In addition to adopting federal requirements regarding privacy, individual states are authorized to enact more stringent laws relating to the use of customer information. To date, Virginia has not done so. These privacy laws create compliance obligations and potential liability for the Bank.

 

Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”) is intended to increase corporate responsibility, provide enhanced penalties for accounting and auditing improprieties by publicly traded companies and to protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures made pursuant to the securities law. The changes required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and its implementing regulations are intended to allow shareholders to monitor the performance of companies and their directors more easily and effectively.

 

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act generally applies to all domestic companies, such as New Peoples, that file periodic reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act includes significant additional disclosure requirements and expanded corporate governance rules and the SEC has adopted extensive additional disclosures, corporate governance provisions and other related rules pursuant to it. New Peoples has expended, and will continue to expend, considerable time and money in complying with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Bank’s deposits are insured by the Deposit insurance Fund, as administered by the FDIC, to the maximum amount permitted by law, now $250,000 per depositor.

 

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law on July 21, 2010. Its wide ranging provisions affect all federal financial regulatory agencies and nearly every aspect of the American financial services industry. Among the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act that directly impact the Company is the creation of an independent Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), which has the ability to write rules for consumer protections governing all financial institutions. All consumer protection responsibility formerly handled by other banking regulators is consolidated in the CFPB. It also oversees the enforcement of all federal laws intended to ensure fair access to credit. For smaller financial institutions such as the Company and the Bank, the CFPB will coordinate its examination activities through their primary regulators.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act contains provisions designed to reform mortgage lending, which includes the requirement of additional disclosures for consumer mortgages. The CFPB has implemented mortgage lending regulations to carry out its mandate. In addition, the Federal Reserve has issued new rules, effective October 1, 2011, which had the effect of limiting the fees charged to merchants by credit card companies for debit card transactions. The result of these rules is to limit the amount of interchange fee income available explicitly to larger banks and indirectly to us. The Dodd-Frank Act also contains provisions that affect corporate governance and executive compensation.

 

The Dodd-Frank Act provisions themselves are extensive; however, there is much uncertainty concerning the ultimate impact of this legislation. The process of adopting and implementing the regulations is not complete and the Trump Administration has indicated its intent to pare back regulations under Dodd-Frank substantially. Whether and to what extent this will happen and its effect on the financial services industry and the economy as a whole are unknown.

 

Future Regulatory Uncertainty. Because federal and state regulation of financial institutions changes regularly and is the subject of constant legislative debate, New Peoples cannot forecast how regulation of financial institutions may change in the future and impact its operations. New Peoples fully expects that the financial institution industry will remain heavily regulated notwithstanding any regulatory relief that is adopted.

 

Subsequent Events

 

We have considered subsequent events through the date of the financial statements in this Form 10-K.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Not applicable.

   

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

At December 31, 2016, the Company's net investment in premises and equipment in service was $30.0 million. Our main office and operations center is located in Honaker, Virginia. This location contains a full service branch, and our administration and operations center.

 

 

The Bank owns all of its 19 full service branches, including its headquarter office, as well as its loan production office in Tennessee. The locations of these branches are described in Item 1.

 

The Bank owns a location in Dungannon, Virginia that is now currently being leased, but was formerly used as a branch until its closure during 2010. The Bank owns additional property in Princeton, West Virginia that has potential for a future full service branch location, and currently serves as an administration office. During 2012, the Bank closed offices in Bristol, Pennington Gap, and Richlands, Virginia and Jonesborough, Tennessee. The Bristol office was subsequently leased to the Bank’s subsidiary NPB Insurance Services, Inc. in 2014 and this lease was canceled during 2016. The Pennington Gap property was sold in January 2013. The Richlands property was sold in April 2015. During 2014, the Bank closed offices in Bland, Jonesville, and Norton, Virginia and Bluewell, West Virginia. The Norton office now serves as an administrative office. In November 2015, we purchased a building in Bristol, which began use as an operations office for our Interactive Teller Machine network starting in April 2016. In July 2016, the Jonesborough office was reopened as a loan production office of the Bank. The other four offices (Bland, Bluewell, Bristol, and Jonesville) are vacant and may be used for future banking offices again.

 

We believe that all of our properties are maintained in good operating condition and are suitable and adequate for our operational needs.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

In the course of operations, we may become a party to legal proceedings.

 

There are no pending or threatened legal proceedings to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or to which the property of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject that, in the opinion of management, may materially impact the financial condition of the Company, except for the following:

 

On June 24, 2015 New Peoples Bank filed an Amended Complaint in the Circuit Court of Russell County, Virginia agaist Arthur Wayne Bostic, Michael W. Bostic, Sr. and Jeffrey C. Bostic to enforce guarantees of loans made to Bostic Ford Sales, Inc. and seeking judgment against the guarantors for $1,427,709.76 with interest and legal fees. On July 24, 2015 Arthur Bostic filed a counterclaim against the Bank. On March 8, 2016 Michael Bostic, Sr., and Jeffrey Bostic filed their counterclaims agains the Bank. The counterclaims assert lender liability theories of recovery and arise from the refusal of the Bank to continue to extend credit to Bostic Ford Sales, Inc. in 2008-2009. The defendants seek a judgment against the Bank of at least $3 million. On December 16, 2016 the Court entered an Order sustaining New Peoples’ demurrers to the counterclaims filed by all three defendants and providing the defendants an opportunity to amend their counterclaims. On December 23, 2016, the defendants filed amended counterclaims seeking a judgment against the Bank of at least $3 million. Following the entry of the Court’s Order on December 16, 2016, the parties began certain discussions to narrow the issues in dispute and facilitate settlement.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

(a)       Market Information

 

Computershare Investor Services is the stock transfer agent for New Peoples Bankshares, Inc. The common stock of New Peoples is quoted on the Over The Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB) under the symbol “NWPP”. The volume of trading of shares of common stock is very limited. Trades in our common stock occur sporadically on a local basis and typically small volumes of stock are traded.

 

The high and low prices at which our common stock has traded known to us for each quarter in the past two years are set forth in the table below. These prices are obtained through our listing on the OTCBB. Other transactions may have occurred at prices about which we are not aware.

 

         
  2016 2015
  High Low High Low
1st quarter $   1.55 $    1.36 $   1.60 $    1.26
2nd quarter 1.60 1.41 1.60 1.45
3rd quarter 1.55 1.45 1.60 1.30
4th quarter 1.75 1.55 1.69 1.30

 

The most recent sales price of which management is aware was $1.75 per share on March 9, 2017.

 

(b)       Holders

 

On March 9, 2017, there were approximately 4,426 shareholders of record.

 

(c)       Dividends

 

In order to preserve capital we have not paid cash dividends to our shareholders. Any declaration of dividends in the future will depend on our earnings, capital requirements, growth strategies, and compliance with regulatory mandates. We are subject to certain dividend restrictions and capital requirements imposed by the Federal Reserve Bank as well as Virginia banking statutes and regulations. As a result, we do not anticipate paying a dividend on our common stock in the forseeable future. See Note 3, Note 16 and Note 22 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of dividend limitations and capital requirements.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

Not applicable.

 

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Caution About Forward Looking Statements

 

We make forward looking statements in this annual report that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward looking statements include statements regarding our profitability, liquidity, allowance for loan losses, interest rate sensitivity, market risk, growth strategy, and financial and other goals. The words “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “anticipates,” “forecasts,” “intends,” or other similar words or terms are intended to identify forward looking statements. The forward-looking information is based on various factors and was derived using numerous assumptions. Important factors that may cause actual results to differ from projections include:

· the success or failure of our efforts to implement our business plan;
· any required increase in our regulatory capital ratios;
· satisfying other regulatory requirements that may arise from examinations, changes in the law and other similar factors;
· deterioration of asset quality;
· fluctuations of real estate values in our markets;
· our ability to attract and retain talent;
· demographical changes in our markets which negatively impact the local economy;
· the uncertain outcome of enacted legislation to stabilize the U.S. financial system such as Dodd-Frank;
· the successful management of interest rate risk;
· the successful management of liquidity;
· changes in general economic and business conditions in our market area;
· credit risks inherent in making loans such as borrower ability to repay;
· competition with other banks and financial institutions, and companies outside of the banking industry, including online lenders and those companies that have substantially greater access to capital and other resources;
· demand, development and acceptance of new products and services we have offered or may offer;
· technology utilized by us;
· our ability to successfully manage cyber security;
· our reliance on third-party vendors and correspondent banks;
· changes in general accepted accounting principles;
· changes in governmental regulations, tax rates and similar matters; and,
· other risks which may be described in our future filings with the SEC.

 

Because of these uncertainties, our actual future results may be materially different from the results indicated by these forward looking statements. In addition, our past results of operations do not necessarily indicate our future results. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

 

General

 

The following commentary discusses major components of our business and presents an overview of our consolidated financial position at December 31, 2016 and 2015 as well as results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. This discussion should be reviewed in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes and other statistical information presented elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

New Peoples generates a significant amount of its income from the net interest income earned by the Bank. Net interest income is the difference between interest income and interest expense. Interest income depends on the volume of interest-earning assets outstanding during the period and the interest rates earned thereon. The Bank's interest expense is a function of the average amount of interest-bearing deposits and borrowed money outstanding during the period and the interest rates paid thereon. The quality of the assets further influences the amount of interest income lost on nonaccrual loans and the amount of additions to the allowance for loan losses. The Bank also generates noninterest income from service charges on deposit accounts and commissions on insurance and investment products sold.

 

Written Agreement

 

The Company and the Bank had previously entered into the Written Agreement with the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and the Virginia State Corporation Commission Bureau of Financial Institutions under which the Company and the Bank were required to take certain actions and implement certain plans. On February 2, 2016, the Company and the Bank announced that they had successfully complied with all of the requirements of the Written Agreement and accordingly, effective January 20, 2016, the agreement had been terminated.

 

Overview

 

At December 31, 2016, total assets were $634.3 million, total loans were $468.6 million, and total deposits were $554.4 million. The Company‘s consolidated net income for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $958 thousand, or basic net income per share of $0.04 as compared to a net income of $2.7 million, or basic net income per share of $0.12, for the year ended December 31, 2015. This is a decrease of $1.7 million, or $0.08 per share. This decrease was mainly driven by a negative provision for loan losses of $500 thousand for 2016 as compared to a negative provision for loan losses of $2.2 million for 2015. We also had an increase of noninterest income of $888 thousand, which offset our decrease in net interest income of $875 thousand. The annualized return on average assets for the fiscal year 2016 was 0.15% as compared to 0.41% for the same period in 2015. The annualized return on average equity was 2.00% for the fiscal year 2016 and 5.95% for the same period in 2015.

 

Highlights from the year 2016 include:

 

· A $27.4 million, or 6.22%, increase in loans, when compared to 2015;
· A negative provision for loan losses of $500 thousand for 2016 as compared to a negative provision for loan losses of $2.2 million for 2015;
· Writedowns of other real estate owned properties of $1.4 million, a decrease of $1.8 million, or 56.44% when compared to 2015;
· A reduction in other real estate owned of $1.7 million, or 14.06%, when compared to 2015;
· A reduction of $434 thousand, or 14.21%, in interest expenses when compared to 2015;
· A decrease of $1.4 million, or 9.71% in nonaccrual loans during 2016;
· A decrease of $1.4 million, or 6.98%, in substandard loans during 2016;
· A decrease of $9.2 million, or 3.56%, in higher-costing time deposits during 2016;
· A strong net interest margin of 3.92% for 2016;
· The Bank is considered well capitalized as defined by regulatory guidelines;
· Rollout of Interactive Teller Machines (“ITMs”), a new, state-of-the-art technology;
· The Bank opened a loan production office in Jonesborough, Tennessee; and,
· Book value per share of $2.01 as of December 31, 2016.

 

 

Total assets increased $8.4 million in 2016, or 1.35%, from $625.9 million at December 31, 2015. Loans showed an increase of $27.4 million as a result of our efforts to conservatively grow the loan portfolio, which was funded by selling investment securities of $29.5 million during 2016. Going forward, we anticipate total assets increasing due to our plan to conservatively and prudently grow the loan portfolio, as we were able to accomplish in 2016.

 

During 2016, total deposits declined $3.6 million, or 0.64% to $554.4 million. However, lower-costing non-time deposits increased $5.6 million, or 1.85%, while time deposits declined $9.2 million, or 3.56%. We anticipate total deposits to increase as we focus on growth in the future.

 

The Bank improved its capital position and maintained a well-capitalized status during both 2016 and 2015. The following Bank ratios existed at December 31, 2016 as compared to December 31, 2015, respectively: Tier 1 leverage ratio of 9.93% versus 9.67%; Tier 1 risk based capital ratio of 15.39% versus 16.29%; total risk based capital ratio of 16.64% versus 17.55%; and common equity Tier 1 ratio of 15.39% versus 16.29%.

 

Expenses related to other real estate owned properties were $2.2 million in 2016 compared to $4.1 million in 2015. During 2016 we recorded writedowns on other real estate owned properties in the amount of $1.4 million compared to $3.2 million in 2015. During 2016 we had a net gain on the sale of other real estate owned of $221 thousand compared to a net gain of $99 thousand in 2015.

 

Total loans increased $27.4 million in 2016, or 6.22%, to $468.6 million at December 31, 2016 as compared to $441.2 million at December 31, 2015. Loans rated substandard decreased $1.4 million, or 6.98%, to $18.3 million at December 31, 2016 from $19.7 million at December 31, 2015. The main driver in this increase in total loans is our strategy is to conservatively grow assets, namely the loan portfolio. To assist in these efforts, we added several commercial lenders, during the latter part of 2015 and throughout 2016, mostly focused in the Tri-Cities market of Bristol, VA and TN, Kingsport, TN, and Johnson City, TN. We expect the trend in total loan growth we have experienced in 2016 to continue at least in the near term, subject to economic conditions, customer demand, and competition in our markets. During 2016, we introduced new lending products that we anticipate will help us further service our customers, generate loan growth and enhance earnings. These include secondary market mortgage loans, Small Business Administration loans and credit cards.

 

Regarding asset quality, we continue to make progress in reducing the levels of non-performing assets. However, as asset quality improves, the level of nonperforming assets remains high as a result of the prolonged, deteriorated residential and commercial real estate markets, as well as the sluggish economy. The ratio of nonperforming assets to total assets lowered to 3.79% at December 31, 2016 as compared to 4.35% at December 31, 2015. Nonperforming assets, which include nonaccrual loans, other real estate owned and past due loans greater than 90 days still accruing interest, decreased to $24.1 million at December 31, 2016 from $27.2 million at December 31, 2015, a reduction of $3.1 million, or 11.69%. The makeup of these assets are primarily loans secured by commercial real estate, residential mortgages, and farmland as well as other real estate owned properties. We continue undertaking extensive and more aggressive measures to work out problem credits and liquidate foreclosed properties in an effort to accelerate a reduction of nonperforming assets. Our goal is to reduce the nonperforming assets being mindful of the impact to earnings and capital; however, we may recognize some losses and reductions in the allowance for loan loss as we expedite the resolution of these problem assets.

 

Our allowance for loan losses at December 31, 2016 was $6.1 million, or 1.30% of total loans, as compared to $7.5 million, or 1.70% of total loans at December 31, 2015. Impaired loans decreased $2.9 million, or 16.87%, to $14.4 million with an estimated allowance of $552 thousand for potential losses at December 31, 2016 as compared to $17.3 million in impaired loans with an estimated allowance of $983 thousand at the end of 2015. A negative provision for loan losses of $500 thousand was recorded in 2016, while a negative provision of $2.2 million was recorded in 2015. Net loans charged off increased in 2016 as they were $921 thousand, or 0.20% of average loans, compared to $229 thousand, or 0.05% of average loans, in 2015. Included in the net charge offs in 2015 is a recovery of $1.2 million, which was due to the receipt in August 2015 of death benefits on a life insurance policy on which the Bank was the beneficiary. The policy was acquired in 2010 as part of a settlement with a former borrower on several defaulted loans. As a result of this $1.2 million recovery a negative provision for loan losses of $1.2 million was made in the third quarter of 2015. In the fourth quarter of 2015, an additional $1.0 million negative provision was made bringing the total negative provision for 2015 to $2.2 million. The allowance for loan losses is being maintained at a level that management deems appropriate to absorb any potential future losses and known impairments within the loan portfolio whether or not the losses are actually ever realized. We continue to adjust the allowance for loan loss model to best reflect the risks in the portfolio and the improvements made in our internal policies and procedures; however, future provisions may be deemed necessary.

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Certain critical accounting policies affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements. Our most critical accounting policies relate to our provision for loan losses and the calculation of our deferred tax asset and valuation allowance.

 

The provision for loan losses reflects the estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. If the financial condition of our borrowers were to further deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, our estimates would be updated, and additional provisions could be required. For further discussion of the estimates used in determining the allowance for loan losses, we refer you to the section on “Provision for Loan Losses” in this discussion.

 

Our deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined using the liability (or balance sheet) method. Under this method, the net deferred tax asset or liability is determined based on the tax effects of the temporary differences between the book and tax bases of the various balance sheet assets and liabilities and gives current recognition to changes in tax rates and laws. If all or a portion of the net deferred tax asset is determined to be unlikely to be realized, a valuation allowance is established to reduce the net deferred tax asset to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. For further discussion of the deferred tax asset and valuation allowance, we refer you to the section on “Deferred Tax Asset and Income Taxes” in this discussion.

 

For further discussion of our other critical accounting policies, see Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to our Consolidated Financial Statements, found in Item 8 to this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

Net Interest Income and Net Interest Margin

 

The Company’s primary source of income, net interest income, decreased $875 thousand, or 3.87% from 2015 to 2016. The decrease in net interest income is due primarily to the $1.1 million decrease in interest income on loans during 2016. While we have been successful in our strategy to conservatively grow the loan portfolio, renewed loans are repricing at lower interest rates and new loans are being booked at lower interest rates due to competitive pressures and the continued low interest rate environment. With new commercial lenders added during 2016, we believe, going forward, new increased volume will outpace the monthly loan paydowns and maturities. The decrease in interest income was offset by a $517 thousand decrease in interest expense on time deposits, as a result of our time deposits re-pricing at lower interest rates at maturity, decrease in volume of higher cost time deposits that left the bank, as well as a favorable shift in the deposit mix whereby our higher-cost time deposits were replaced with lower-cost deposit products.

 

Nonaccrual loans were $13.4 million at December 31, 2016 compared to $14.8 million at December 31, 2015. This represents a decrease of $1.4 million, or 9.71%. Although nonaccrual loans decreased during 2016, the continued high volume of nonaccrual loans negatively affects interest income as these loans are nonearning assets. Interest income and cash receipts on impaired loans are handled differently depending on whether or not the loan is on nonaccrual status. If the impaired loan is not on nonaccrual status, the interest income on the loan is computed using the effective interest method. When doubt about the collectability of a loan exists, it is the Bank’s policy to stop accruing interest on that loan under the following circumstances: (a) whenever we are advised by the borrower that scheduled payment or interest payments cannot be met, (b) when conditions indicate that payment of principal and interest can no longer be expected, or (c) when any such loan becomes delinquent for 90 days and is not both well secured and in the process of collection. All interest accrued but not collected on loans that are placed on nonaccrual or charged off are reversed against interest income in the current period. The interest on these loans is accounted for on the cash basis or cost-recovery method until qualifying for return to accrual. Generally, loans are returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current, six consecutive timely payments are made, and prospects for future contractual payments are reasonably assured.

 

Investment interest income decreased $279 thousand, or 15.86%, from $1.8 million for the year ended 2015 to $1.5 million in 2016. This decrease was due to the liquidation of a portion of the investment portfolio, which was used to fund loan growth.

 

Interest expense decreased $434 thousand, or 14.21%, from $3.1 million for the year ending 2015 to $2.6 million in 2016 mainly due to a decline in volume and repricing of time deposits to lower interest rates, as well as a favorable shift in the overall deposit mix. We do not expect time deposits to decrease in 2017 at the same pace of 2016 as we have increased our interest rates paid on time deposits in an effort to fund anticipated loan growth.

 

Our net interest margin decreased one basis point to 3.92% for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to 3.93% for the same period in 2015. Unless we are able to increase the volume of our interest-earning assets going forward, we may experience further compression on the net interest margin as new and renewed loans are often being repriced at lower interest rates while we anticipate a slight increase on interest rates paid on deposits.

 

 

 

The following table shows the rates paid on earning assets and deposit liabilities for the periods indicated.

 

                                           
Net Interest Margin Analysis  
Average Balances, Income and Expense, and Yields and Rates  
(Dollars in thousands)  
        For  the Year Ended   For  the Year Ended   For  the Year Ended  
        December 31, 2016   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014  
        Average   Income/   Yields/   Average   Income/   Yields/   Average   Income/   Yields/  
        Balance   Expense   Rates   Balance   Expense   Rates   Balance   Expense   Rates  
ASSETS                                      
  Loans (1), (2), (3) $ 457,266 $ 22,644   4.95% $ 445,839 $ 23,671   5.31% $ 473,610 $ 24,875   5.25%  
  Federal funds sold   14   -   0.00%   777   2   0.26%   1,408   3   0.21%  
  Interest bearing deposits   12,835   84   0.65%   23,258   91   0.39%   43,652   155   0.36%  
  Other investments (3)   84,080   1,618   1.92%   104,727   1,891   1.81%   90,878   1,611   1.77%  
  Total Earning Assets   554,195   24,346   4.39%   574,601   25,655   4.46%   609,548   26,644   4.37%  
  Less:  Allowance for loans losses   (6,849)           (9,063)           (11.587)          
  Non-earning assets   83,030           80,609           81,824          
    Total Assets $ 630,376         $ 646,147         $ 679,785          
                                     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
  Deposits                                      
  Demand – Interest bearing $ 39,834 $ 50   0.13% $ 31,334 $ 37   0.12% $ 29,854 $ 37   0.12%  
  Savings   115,213   166   0.14%   119,606   173   0.14%   111,744   180   0.16%  
  Time deposits   250,296   1,742   0.70%   277,747   2,259   0.81%   327,328   3,099   0.95%  
  Other Borrowings   8,508   154   1.81%   3,577   145   4.05%   4,767   195   4.09%  
  Trust Preferred  Securities   16,496   508   3.08%   16,496   440   2.67%   16,496   545   3.30%  
  Total interest bearing liabilities   430,347   2,620   0.61%   448,760   3,054   0.68%   490,189   4,056   0.83%  
  Non-interest bearing deposits   149,350           150,061           143,916          
  Other liabilities   2,849           2,574           4,889          
    Total Liabilities   582,546           601,395           638,994          
  Stockholders’ Equity   47,830           44,752           40,791          
    Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $ 630,376          $ 646,147           $ 679,785          
  Net Interest Income     $ 21,726         $ 22,601         $ 22,588      
  Net Interest Margin       3.92%           3.93%           3.71%  
  Net Interest Spread           3.78%           3.78%           3.54%  
                                           
(1)  Non-accrual loans have been included in the average balance of loans outstanding.          
(2)  Loan fees have been included in interest income on loans.                

(3) Tax exempt income is not significant and has been treated as fully taxable.

 

               
                                                                                                                 

 

 

 

Net interest income is affected by changes in both average interest rates and average volumes of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The following table sets forth the amounts of the total changes in interest income and expense which can be attributed to rate (change in rate multiplied by old volume) and volume (change in volume multiplied by old rate) for the periods indicated.

 

 

 

       
                                             Volume and Rate Analysis
                                                     (Dollars in thousands)
    2016 Compared to 2015   2015 Compared to 2014
    Increase (Decrease)   Increase (Decrease)

 

 

                             
      Volume Effect   Rate Effect   Change in Interest Income/ Expense     Volume Effect   Rate Effect   Change in Interest Income/ Expense
Interest Income:                            
  Loans $ 607 $ (1,634) $ (1,027)   $ (1,459) $ 255 $ (1,204)
  Federal funds sold   (2)   -   (2)     (1)   -   (1)
  Interest bearing deposits   (41)   34   (7)     (72)   8   (64)
  Other investments   (373)   100   (273)     246   34   280
  Total Earning Assets   191   (1,500)   (1,309)     (1,286)   297   (989)
                             
Interest Bearing Liabilities:                            
  Demand   10   3   13     2   (2)   -
  Savings   (6)   (1)   (7)     13   (20)   (7)
  All other time deposits   (223)   (294)   (517)     (469)   (371)   (840)
  Other borrowings   200   (191)   9     (49)   (1)   (50)
  Trust Preferred Securities   -   68   68     -   (105)   (105)
  Total Interest Bearing Liabilities   (19)   (415)   (434)     (503)   (499)   (1,002)
  Change in Net Interest Income $ 210 $ (1,085) $ (875)   $ (783) $ 796 $ 13

 

Loans

 

Our primary source of income comes from interest earned on loans. Total loans increased $27.4 million in 2016, or 6.22%, to $468.6 million at December 31, 2016 as compared to $441.2 million at December 31, 2015. Loans rated substandard decreased $1.4 million, or 6.98%, to $18.3 million at December 31, 2016 from $19.7 million at December 31, 2015. The main driver in this increase in total loans is our strategy to conservatively grow assets, namely the loan portfolio. To assist in these efforts, we added several commercial lenders, during the latter part of 2015 and throughout 2016, mostly focused in the Tri-Cities markets of Bristol, VA and TN, Kingsport, TN, and Johnson City, TN. We expect the trend in total loan growth we have experienced in 2016 to continue at least in the near term, subject to economic conditions, customer demand, and competition in our markets. During 2016, we introduced new lending products that we anticipate will help us further service our customers, generate loan growth and enhance earnings. These include secondary market mortgage loans, Small Business Administration loans and credit cards.

 

 

Loans receivable outstanding are summarized as follows:

 

Loan Portfolio

December 31,

                     
(Dollars in thousands)   2016   2015   2014   2013   2012
Commercial, financial and agricultural $ 55,073 $ 47,490 $ 50,273 $ 57,704 $ 65,888
Real estate – construction   25,755   14,672   15,439   22,421   24,327
Real estate – commercial   103,331   98,569   108,062   126,174   149,935
Real estate – residential   262,282   255,870   257,947   260,669   252,768
Installment loans to individuals   22,188   24,568   25,828   26,055   29,445
Total $ 468,629 $ 441,169 $ 457,549 $ 493,023 $ 522,363

 

Our loan maturities as of December 31, 2016 are shown in the following table:

 

Maturities of Loans

                 
                 
(Dollars in thousands)   Less than One Year   One to Five Years   After Five Years   Total
Commercial, financial and agricultural $ 23,592 $ 22,924 $ 8,557 $ 55,073
Real estate – construction   3,408   4,930   17,417   25,755
Real estate – commercial   26,487   56,275   20,569   103,331
Real estate – residential   31,305   109,162   121,815   262,282
Installment loans to individuals   4,707   16,625   856   22,188
Total $ 89,499 $ 209,916 $ 169,214 $ 468,629
                 
Loans with fixed rates $ 31,695 $ 111,010 $ 167,211 $ 309,916
Loans with variable rates   57,804   98,906   2,003   158,713
Total $ 89,499 $ 209,916 $ 169,214 $ 468,629

 

The above table reflects the earlier of the maturity or re-pricing dates for loans at December 31, 2016. In preparing this table, no assumptions are made with respect to loan prepayments. Loan principal payments are included in the earliest period in which the loan matures or can be re-priced. Principal payments on installment loans scheduled prior to maturity are included in the period of maturity or re-pricing.

 

Provision for Loan Losses

 

The methodology we use to calculate the allowance for loan losses is considered a critical accounting policy. The adequacy of the allowance for loan losses is based upon management’s judgment and analysis. The following factors are included in our evaluation of determining the adequacy of the allowance: risk characteristics of the loan portfolio, current and historical loss experience, concentrations and internal and external factors such as general economic conditions.

 

The allowance for loan losses decreased to $6.1 million at December 31, 2016 as compared to $7.5 million at December 31, 2015. The allowance for loan losses at the end of 2016 was approximately 1.30% of total loans as compared to 1.70% at the end of 2015. Negative provisions for loan losses of $2.2 million were record during 2015, while a negative provision of $500 thousand was recorded in 2016. Loans charged off, net of recoveries, increased during 2016 as they were $921 thousand, or 0.20% of average loans, compared to $229 thousand, or 0.05% of average loans, in 2015. Included in the net charge offs in 2015 is a recovery of $1.2 million, which was due to the receipt of a death benefit on a life insurance policy on which the Bank was the beneficiary. The policy was acquired in 2010 as part of a settlement with a former borrower on several defaulted loans. As a result of this $1.2 million recovery, a negative provision for loan losses of $1.2 million was made in the third quarter of 2015. In the fourth quarter of 2015, an additional $1.0 million negative provision was made bringing the total negative provision for 2015 to $2.2 million. The allowance for loan losses is being maintained at a level that management deems appropriate to absorb any potential future losses and known impairments within the loan portfolio whether or not the losses are actually ever realized. We continue to adjust the allowance for loan loss model to best reflect the risks in the portfolio and the improvements made in our internal policies and procedures; however, future provisions may be deemed necessary.

 

 

We have experienced a decrease in loans delinquent 90 days or more and nonaccrual loans in 2016. Total past due loans 90 days or more were $3.5 million as of December 31, 2016, a decrease of $2.6 million, or 43.09%, from the $6.1 million as of December 31, 2015. Loans delinquent greater than 90 days and loans in non-accrual status present higher risks of default. At December 31, 2016, there were 184 loans in non-accrual status totaling $13.4 million, or 2.86% of total loans. At December 31, 2015, there were 161 loans in non-accrual status totaling $14.8 million, or 3.37% of total loans. The amounts of interest that would have been recognized on these loans were $639 thousand and $697 thousand in the years 2016 and 2015, respectively. There were no loans past due 90 days or greater and still accruing interest at December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. There were $9.6 million in loans classified as troubled debt restructurings as of December 31, 2016, as compared to $9.5 million in loans classified as troubled debt restructurings as of December 31, 2015. Of the loans classified as troubled debt restructurings $2.3 million were in non-accrual status as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. We do not have any commitments to lend additional funds to non-performing debtors.

 

A majority of our loans are collateralized by real estate located in our market area. It is our policy to sufficiently collateralize loans to help minimize loss exposures in case of default. However, during the last economic downturn, the real estate values in the Bank’s market materially declined which negatively impacted the Bank. Since that economic downturn, real estate values have stabilized. Our market area is somewhat diverse, but certain areas are more reliant upon agriculture, coal mining and natural gas. As a result, increased risk of loan impairments is possible as the coal mining and natural gas industry have been negatively affected in the past couple of years due to the increase in natural gas supplies from “fracking”, layoffs and environmental legislation. We do not foresee a major impact upon the Bank unless an additional severe downturn occurs which we believe is not highly likely. We are monitoring these industries. We consider these factors to be the primary higher risk characteristics of the loan portfolio.

 

Commercial and commercial real estate loans are initially risk rated by the originating loan officer. If deterioration in the financial condition of the borrower and/or his or her capacity to repay the debt occur, the loan may be downgraded by the loan officer. Guidance for the risk rate grading is established by the regulatory authorities who periodically review the Bank’s loan portfolio for compliance. Classifications used by the Bank are Exceptional, Very Good, Standard, Acceptable, Transitory Risk, Other Assets Especially Mentioned, Substandard, Doubtful and Loss.

 

In regard to our consumer and consumer real estate loan portfolio, the Company uses the guidance found in the Uniform Retail Credit Classification and Account Management Policy which affects our estimate of the allowance for loan losses. Under this approach, a consumer or consumer real estate loan must initially have a credit risk grade of Pass or better. Subsequently, if the loan becomes contractually 90 days past due or the borrower files for bankruptcy protection, the loan is downgraded to Substandard and placed in nonaccrual status. If the loan is unsecured upon being deemed Substandard, the entire loan amount is charged-off.

 

For non 1-4 family residential loans that are 90 days past due or greater or in bankruptcy, the collateral value less estimated liquidation costs is compared to the loan balance to calculate any potential deficiency. If the collateral is sufficient, then no charge-off is necessary. If a deficiency exists, then upon the loan becoming contractually 120 days past due, the deficiency is charged-off against the allowance for loan loss. In the case of 1-4 family residential or home equity loans, upon the loan becoming 120 days past due, a current value is obtained and after application of an estimated liquidation discount, a comparison is made to the loan balance to calculate any deficiency. Subsequently, any noted deficiency is then charged-off against the allowance for loan loss when the loan becomes contractually 180 days past due. If the customer has filed bankruptcy, then within 60 days of the bankruptcy notice, any calculated deficiency is charged-off against the allowance for loan loss. Collection efforts continue by means of repossessions or foreclosures, and upon bank ownership, liquidation ensues.

 

All loans classified as substandard, doubtful or loss are individually reviewed for impairment in accordance with ASC 310-10-35. In evaluating impairment, a current appraisal is generally used to determine if the collateral is sufficient. Appraisals are typically less than a year old and have to be independently reviewed to be relied upon. If the appraisal is not current, we perform a useful life review of the appraisal to determine if it is reasonable.  If this review determines that the appraisal is not reasonable, then a new appraisal is ordered. Impaired loans decreased to $14.4 million with $2.7 million requiring a valuation allowance of $552 thousand at December 31, 2016 as compared to $17.3 million with $5.6 million requiring a valuation allowance of $983 thousand at December 31, 2015. Of the $14.4 million recorded as impaired loans, $5.4 million were nonperforming loans, which includes nonaccrual loans and past due 90 days or more. Management is aggressively working to reduce the impaired credits at minimal loss.

 

 

In determining the component of our allowance in accordance with the Contingencies topic of the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC 450”), we do not directly consider the potential for outdated appraisals since that portion of our allowance is based on the analysis of the performance of loans with similar characteristics, external and internal risk factors. We consider the overall quality of our underwriting process in our internal risk factors, but the need to update appraisals is associated with loans identified as impaired under the Receivables topic of the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC 310”). If an appraisal is older than one year, a new external certified appraisal may be obtained and used to determine impairment. If an exposure exists, a specific allowance is directly made for the amount of the potential loss in addition to estimated liquidation and disposal costs. The evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

Following is a summary of non-accrual, past due loans greater than 90 days still accruing interest, and restructured loans:

 

Non-Accrual, Past Due, and Restructured Loans

(Dollars in thousands)

December 31,

                     
    2016   2015   2014   2013   2012
Non-accruing loans                    
   Commercial, financial and agricultural $ 1,086 $ 1,244 $ 6,554 $ 6,307 $ 10,962
   Real estate – construction   319   436   332   775   2,412
   Real estate – commercial   3,403   4,358   6,222   16,098   16,308
   Real estate – residential   8,521   8,768   8,707   5,023   3,845
   Installment loans to individuals   76   41   46   104   9
Total Non-accruing loans   13,405   14,847   21,861   28,307   33,536
Loans past due 90 days or more and still accruing   -   -   -   1   551
Troubled debt restructurings (accruing)   7,310   7,198   4,249   5,563   14,567
Total $ 20,715 $ 22,045 $ 26,110 $ 33,871 $ 48,654
Percent of total loans   4.42%   5.00%   5.71%   6.87%   9.31%

 

The above table includes $2.3 million in nonaccrual loans as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, that have been classified as troubled debt restructurings. No troubled debt restructurings were past due 90 days or more and still accruing as of December 31, 2016 and 2015. There were $9.6 million in loans classified as troubled debt restructurings as of December 31, 2016, as compared to $9.5 million in loans classified as troubled debt restructurings as of December 31, 2015.

 

In addition to impaired loans, the remaining loan portfolio is evaluated based on net charge-off history, economic conditions, and internal processes. To calculate the net charge-off history factor, we perform a 12-quarter look-back and use the average net charge offs as a percentage of the loan balances. To calculate the ecomomic conditions factor, we use current economic data which includes national and local regional unemployment information, local housing price changes, gross domestic product growth, and interest rates. Lastly, we also evaluate our internal processes of underwriting and consider the inherent risks present in the portfolio due to past and present lending practices. As economic conditions, performance of our loans, and internal processes change, it is possible that future increases or decreases may be needed to the allowance for loan losses. The following table provides a summary of the activity in the allowance for loan losses.

 

Analysis of the Allowance for Loan Losses

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

For the Years Ended December 31,

                     
Activity   2016   2015   2014   2013   2012
Beginning Balance $ 7,493 $ 9,922 $ 13,080 $ 16,810 $ 18,380
Provision charged to expense   (500)   (2,200)   -   550   4,800

Advances made on loans with

off balance sheet provision

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

Loan Losses:                    
Commercial, financial and agricultural   (67)   (182)   (894)   (1,625)   (1,523)
Real estate – construction   (5)   (226)   (292)   (312)   (357)
Real estate – commercial   (557)   (724)   (2,190)   (2,811)   (2,845)
Real estate – residential   (738)   (1,127)   (1,104)   (1,143)   (1,690)
Installment loans to individuals   (83)   (101)   (79)   (153)   (336)
          Total loan losses   (1,450)   (2,360)   (4,559)   (6,044)   (6,751)
Recoveries:                    
Commercial, financial and agricultural   172   1,629   550   169   97
Real estate – construction   26   215   236   452   73
Real estate – commercial   220   147   427   439   61
Real estate – residential   87   99   148   576   87
Installment loans to individuals   24   41   40   128   63
           Total recoveries   529   2,131   1,401   1,764   381
Net charge offs   (921)   (229)   (3,158)   (4,280)   (6,370)
Balance at End of Period $ 6,072 $ 7,493 $ 9,922 $ 13,080 $ 16,810
Net charge offs as a % of average loans   0.20%   0.05%   0.67%   0.84%   1.14%

 

We have allocated the allowance according to the amount deemed to be reasonably necessary to provide for the possibility of losses being incurred within each of the categories of loans. The allocation of the allowance as shown in the following table should not be interpreted as an indication that loan losses in future years will occur in the same proportions or that the allocation indicates future loan loss trends. Furthermore, the portion allocated to each loan category is not the total amount available for future losses that might occur within such categories since the total allowance is a general allowance applicable to the entire portfolio.

 

The allocation of the allowance for loan losses is based on our judgment of the relative risk associated with each type of loan. We have allocated 27% of the allowance to commercial real estate loans, which constituted 22.05% of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2016. This allocation decreased when compared to the 36% in 2015 due to the $337 thousand in net charge offs during 2016 that impacts our historical loss rate. We have allocated 43% of the allowance to residential real estate loans, which constituted 55.97% of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2016. This allocation increased when compared to the 32% in 2015 due to the $6.4 million increase in residential real estate loans during 2016.

 

Both residential and commercial real estate loans are secured by real estate whose value tends to be easily ascertainable. These loans are made consistent with appraisal policies and real estate lending policies, which detail maximum loan-to-value ratios and maturities.

 

We have allocated 6% of the allowance to real estate construction loans, which constituted 5.50% of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2016. Construction loans are secured by real estate with values that are dependent upon market and economic conditions. Values may not always be easily ascertainable as evidenced by the current market conditions. These loans are made consistent with appraisal policies and real estate lending policies which detail maximum loan-to-value ratios and maturities.

 

We have allocated 10% of the allowance to commercial loans, which constituted 11.75% of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2016. Our allocation decreased as a percentage of the allowance for loan losses due to the $105 thousand in net recoveries in commercial loans during 2016, which affects our historical loss rate.

 

 

We have allocated 2% of the allowance to consumer installment loans, which constituted 4.73% of our loan portfolio at December 31, 2016, which was comparable to the 2% allocation we had in 2015.

 

The following table shows the balance and percentage of our allowance for loan losses (or “ALLL”) allocated to each major category of loans.

 

Allocation of the Allowance for Loan Losses

December 31, 2012 through December 31, 2016

(Dollars in thousands)

 

   

 

 

                             
    December 31, 2016   December 31, 2015   December 31, 2014
    Amount

 

 

% of ALLL   %of Loans   Amount   % of ALLL   %of Loans   Amount   % of ALLL   % of Loans
Commercial $ 622   10%   11.75% $ 1,066   14%   10.76% $ 1,496   15%   10.99%
R/E–const.   346   6%   5.50%   332   4%   3.33%   199   2%   3.37%
R/E–comm.   1,625   27%   22.05%   2,384   36%   22.34%   4,418   45%   23.62%
R/E-resid.   2,617   43%   55.97%   2,669   32%   58.00%   2,726   27%   56.37%
Installment   123   2%   4.73%   128   2%   5.57%   171   2%   5.65%
Unallocated   739   12%       914   12%       912   9%    
Total $ 6,072   100%   100.00% $ 7,493   100%   100.00% $ 9,922   100%   100.00%
                                     
    December 31, 2013   December 31, 2012            
   

 

Amount

  % of ALLL   % of Loans  

 

Amount

  % of ALLL   % of Loans            
Commercial $ 2,710   21%   11.70% $ 3,383   20%   12.61%            
R/E-const.   1,184   9%   4.55%   2,166   13%   4.66%            
R/E-comm.   5,203   40%   25.59%   6,720   40%   28.70%            
R/E-resid.   3,449   26%   52.87%   3,602   22%   48.39%            
Installment   153   1%   5.29%   388   2%   5.64%            
Unallocated   381   3%       551   3%                
Total $ 13,080   100%   100.00% $ 16,810   100%   100.00%            

 

Other Real Estate Owned

 

Other real estate owned (“OREO”) decreased $1.7 million or 14.06%, to $10.7 million at December 31, 2016 from $12.4 million at December 31, 2015. All properties are available for sale by commercial and residential realtors under the direction of our Special Assets division. Our aim is to reduce the level of OREO in order to reduce the level of nonperforming assets at the Bank, while keeping in mind the impact to earnings and capital. In both 2016 and 2015, pricing adjustments were made to make certain properties more marketable, which, in some cases, reduced the price below the fair value of the property (which is based on an appraisal less estimated disposition costs). During 2016, we recorded OREO writedowns of $1.4 million as compared to $3.2 million in 2015. Of the $1.4 million in OREO writedowns during 2016, $625 thousand of the writedowns were due to auctions we held on some of our OREO properties during the second half of 2016.

 

During 2016 we added $4.5 million in OREO properties as a result of settlement of foreclosed loans, offset by sales of $5.0 million with net gains totaling $221 thousand. During 2015, we acquired $3.3 million in OREO properties as a result of settlement of foreclosed loans, which was offset by sales of $2.7 million with net gains totaling $99 thousand. We have taken an aggressive approach toward liquidating properties to reduce our level of foreclosed properties by making pricing adjustments and holding auctions on some of our older properties. We expect to continue these efforts in 2017, which could result in additional losses, while reducing future carrying costs.

 

We do have lease agreements on certain other real estate owned properties which are generating rental income at market rates. Rental income on OREO properties was $247 thousand in 2016, a decrease of $18 thousand, or 6.79%, when compared to the $265 thousand recognized in 2015.

 

 

Investment Securities

 

Total investment securities decreased $31.6 million, or 31.12%, to $70.0 million at December 31, 2016 from $101.6 million at December 31, 2015. All securities are classified as available-for-sale for liquidity purposes. We sold $29.5 million in investments securities during 2016 resulting in net realized gains of $303 thousand. These sales were executed to provide liquidity to fund our loan growth during 2016 and to take advantage of gains in the investment portfolio as deemed appropriate. In 2015 we sold $7.1 million in investment securities resulting in net realized gains of $35 thousand. Investment securities with a carrying value of $11.3 million and $15.4 million at December 31, 2016 and 2015, were pledged to secure public deposits and for other purposes required by law.

 

Our strategy is to invest excess funds in investment securities to increase interest income while providing for liquidity. We anticipate maintaining or slightly decreasing the size of the portfolio during 2017. The portfolio is comprised of short to mid-term investments. The carrying values of investment securities and the different types of investments are shown in the following table:

 

Investment Securities Portfolio

(Dollars in thousands)

               
December 31,   2016   2015
    Amortized   Fair   Amortized   Fair
Available for Sale   Cost   Value   Cost   Value
U.S. Government Agencies $ 24,821 $ 24,632 $ 41,488 $ 41,523
Taxable municipals   2,340   2,292   3,337   3,281
Corporate bonds   3,600   3,749   1,944   1,939
Mortgage backed securities   39,941   39,338   55,369   54,899
Total Securities AFS $ 70,702 $ 70,011 $ 102,138 $ 101,642


At December 31, 2016 we had an unrealized loss in our investment portfolio totaling $691 thousand as compared to a $496 thousand unrealized loss at December 31, 2015. The $195 thousand decrease in fair value is mainly due to changes in interest rates during 2016. We have reviewed our investment portfolio and no investment security is deemed to have an other than temporary impairment. We monitor our portfolio regularly and use it to maintain liquidity, manage interest rate risk and enhance earnings.

 

The amortized cost, fair value and weighted average yield of investment securities at December 31, 2016 are shown by contractual maturity and do not reflect principal paydowns for amortizing securities, in the following schedule. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

Maturities of Securities

             
  Weighted
(Dollars are in thousands) Amortized   Fair   Average
Securities Available for Sale Cost   Value   Yield
Due in one year or less $ 1,210 $ 1,210   0.91%
Due after one year through five years 1,599 1,593 1.85%
Due after five years through ten years   11,971   12,083   2.69%
Due after ten years   55,922   55,125   1.91%
Total $ 70,702 $ 70,011   2.02%

 

 

Deposits

 

Total deposits were $554.4 million at December 31, 2016, a decrease of $3.6 million, or 0.64%, from $558.0 million at December 31, 2015. Most of the decrease has been in time deposits which are our highest cost deposit funding source. During 2016, we experienced a decrease in time deposits of $9.2 million, while our lower-costing non-time deposits increased $5.6 million. The shift from higher-costing time deposits to lower-costing non-maturity deposits represents a favorable repositioning of the Company’s deposit mix. Due to competitive pressures, rising interest rates, and our need for funding, we expect to see an uptick on the interest we pay on time deposits in 2017.

 

Core deposits, which are mainly transaction accounts, commercial relationships and savings products, increased as noninterest bearing deposits grew 1.47%, or $2.2 million, from $149.7 million at December 31, 2015 to $151.9 million at December 31, 2016. We experienced an increase of $9.9 million, or 32.93%, in interest-bearing demand deposits during 2016. Savings deposits decreased $6.6 million, or 5.44%, to $114.5 million at December 31, 2016 as compared to $121.1 million at December 31, 2015. Overall, we continue to maintain core deposits through attractive consumer and commercial deposit products and strong ties with our customer base and communities.

 

Time deposits of $100,000 or more equaled approximately 17.20% of deposits at the end of 2016 and 16.59% of deposits at the end of 2015.

 

We have brokered deposits totaling $2.7 million that mature in 2019. These deposits were used to fund a particular 10 year balloon mortgage product. Internet accounts are limited to customers located in the surrounding geographical area. The average balance of and the average rate paid on deposits is shown in the net interest margin analysis above. Total CDARs time deposits were $10.2 million and $6.3 million in 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

Maturities of time deposits of $100,000 or more outstanding are summarized as follows:

 

     
Maturities of Time Deposits of $100 Thousand and More  
(Dollars in thousands)
December 31, 2016
Three months or less $ 17,696
Over three months through six months   16,958
Over six months through twelve months   23,242
Over one year   37,485
Total $ 95,381
       

 

Noninterest Income

 

For 2016, noninterest income increased to $7.3 million from $6.4 million for the same period in 2015. This is an increase of $888 thousand, or 13.87%. This increase was due to the $303 thousand gain on the sale of investment securities during 2016, as compared to the $35 thousand gain on the sale of investment securities for the same period in 2015. In addition our nonsufficient funds / overdraft fee income increased by $690 thousand during 2016 as a result of the new optional overdraft protection services we began offering to our deposit customers in June 2016. In 2016, we introduced offering secondary market mortgage loans and credit cards that we anticipate being an additional source of noninterest income in the future. The ratio of noninterest income as a percentage of average assets increased to 1.16% in 2016 as compared to 0.99% in 2015. We anticipate this percentage to slightly increase during 2017 as we continue to seek opportunities to improve noninterest income through new products and services.

 

 

Noninterest Expense

 

Noninterest expenses increased $45 thousand, or 0.16%, to $28.6 million in 2016 from $28.5 million in 2015. The following are explanations of the increase in non-interest expenses during 2016.

 

Salaries and employee benefits increased from $11.8 million in 2015 to $13.1 million in 2016, an increase of $1.3 million, or 11.02%. This increase was primarily the result of seasoned commercial bankers hired during the fourth quarter of 2015 and throughout 2016 as a part of our strategy to grow the loan portfolio, the opening of a loan production office in Jonesborough, Tennessee to expand our market presence in the Tri-Cities, Tennessee area, as well as staff added to operate the Interactive Teller Machines (“ITMs”) and provide digital banking services, additions to credit administration and business development personnel. Total full time equivalent employees have increased to 249 at December 31, 2016 from 242 at December 31, 2015, an increase of 7, or 2.89%.

 

Occupancy and equipment expenses increased $292 thousand, or 7.55%, from 2015 to 2016. The increase in occupancy and equipment expenses was mainly due to the rollout of the ITMs during 2016. The ITMs, a new, state-of-the-art technology which replaced the Bank’s ATMs, help provide additional convenience by providing teller services from 7 AM to 7 PM Monday thru Saturday. We anticipate the addition of the ITMs will create efficiencies going foward. Advertising expense increased $42 thousand from 2015 to 2016. Data processing and telecommunication expenses increased $254 thousand from 2015 to 2016 as a result of updating our systems.

 

In 2016, FDIC assessment expense decreased $372 thousand, or 44.18%, from $842 thousand in 2015 to $470 thousand in 2016. This is partly due to the reduction of average assets, which is caused by the reduction of total deposits during 2015, and the Bank’s overall improvements.

 

Expenses related to OREO and repossessed assets decreased $1.9 million, or 46.36%, from $4.1 million in 2015 to $2.2 million in 2016. During 2016 we recorded net OREO writedowns of $1.4 million compared to $3.2 million in 2015. During 2016, we had net gains on the sale of OREO of $221 thousand compared to net gains of $99 thousand in 2015. OREO decreased in 2016 to $10.7 million at December 31, 2016 from $12.4 million at December 31, 2015.

 

Our efficiency ratio, a non-GAAP measure, which is defined as noninterest expense divided by the sum of net interest income plus noninterest income, was 98.45% in 2016 as compared to 98.34% in 2015. Included in this calculation are the other real estate owned write-downs which significantly and negatively impact the ratio. We continue to seek opportunities to operate more efficiently through the use of technology, improving processes, reducing nonperforming assets and increasing productivity.

 

Bank-Owned Life Insurance

 

We have life insurance policies on one current key officer and three former key officers for which the Bank is the beneficiary. The aggregate total cash surrender value of the policies was $12.3 million and $12.1 million at December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The policies are separate account life insurance policies and the income derived from the policies is based on a short term investment portfolio managed by the insurance provider.

 

Total income for the policies during 2016 was $169 thousand as compared to $346 thousand for the year ending 2015.

 

Deferred Tax Asset and Income Taxes

 

Due to timing differences between book and tax treatment of several income and expense items, a net deferred tax asset of $5.3 million existed at December 31, 2016 as compared to a net deferred tax asset of $5.1 million at December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2016 we had a valuation allowance of $5.3 million as compared to a valuation allowance of $5.7 million at December 31, 2015. During 2016 we recorded a reversal of $338 thousand of our deferred tax asset valuation allowance as compared to reversing $735 thousand in deferred tax asset valuation allowance in 2015. Management periodically reviews the deferred tax calculation to determine the need for a valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. In management’s opinion, based on a three year taxable income projection and the effects of off-setting deferred tax liabilities, it is more likely than not that all the deferred tax assets, net of the $5.3 million allowance, would be realizable. Management is required to consider all evidence, both positive and negative in making this determination. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had $16.6 million of net operating loss carryforwards which will expire in 2031 thru 2036. Management expects to utilize all of these carryforwards prior to expiration. Direct charge-offs contributed to a reduction of the tax asset and are permitted as tax deductions. In addition, writedowns on other real estate owned property are expensed for book purposes but are not deductible for tax purposes until disposition of the property. Goodwill expense also was realized for book purposes in 2011 but continues to only be tax deductible based on the statutory requirements; thus, creating a deferred tax asset. When, and if, taxable income increases in the future and during the net operating loss carryforward period, this valuation allowance may be reversed and used to decrease tax obligations in the future. Our income tax expense was computed at the normal corporate income tax rate of 34% of taxable income included in net income. We do not have significant nontaxable income or nondeductible expenses.

 

 

The Company’s tax filings for years ended 2013 through 2016 were at year end 2016 open to audit under statutes of limitations by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and state taxing authorities. Our tax filings for the years ended 2010, 2011, and 2012 had been under examination by the IRS. In March 2015, we received notification from the IRS that as a result of the examination no changes were made to our reported tax.

 

After the common stock offering was concluded in December 2012, the Company evaluated whether a "change of control" as defined in Internal Revenue Code ("IRC") section 382 had occurred. A change of control for purposes of IRC section 382 would  have occurred if  50% or more of the ownership of the Company had changed as a result of the offering and stock transactions occurring in the preceding 3 years. In that case IRC section 382 would impose certain limitations which would restrict the ability of the Company to utilize the current amount of tax loss carryforwards among other future tax deductions.  We concluded that a change of control did not occur under the IRC section 382.  The three year period concluded in December 2015. We are no longer required to monitor any increase in the ownership of any 5% owner in the Company, of any new investors participating in the common stock offering that were not investors before the offering, and of any new 5% owner acquiring common stock from existing shareholders excluding the two aforementioned groups. 

 

Capital Resources

 

Our total capital at the end of 2016 was $46.9 million compared to $46.1 million in 2015. The increase was $830 thousand, or 1.80%. New Peoples equity as a percentage of total assets was 7.40% at December 31, 2016 compared to 7.36% at December 31, 2015. The annualized return on average equity was 2.00% for the fiscal year 2016 and 5.95% for the same period in 2015. The book value per common share was $2.01 at December 31, 2016 compared to $1.97 at December 31, 2015.

 

The Company meets eligibility criteria of a small bank holding company in accordance with the Federal Reserve Board’s Small Bank Holding Company Policy Statement issued in February 2015, and is no longer obligated to report consolidated regulatory capital. The Bank continues to be subject to various capital requirements administered by banking agencies.

 

At December 31, 2016, the Bank remains well capitalized under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action. The following ratios existed at December 31, 2016 for the Bank: Tier 1 leverage ratio of 9.93%, Tier 1 risk based capital ratio of 15.39%, Total risk based capital ratio of 16.64%, and Common Equity Tier 1 ratio of 15.39%. The ratios were as follows at December 31, 2015: Tier 1 leverage ratio of 9.67%, Tier 1 risk based capital ratio of 16.29%, Total risk based capital ratio of 17.55%, and Common Equity Tier 1 ratio of 16.29%.

 

The ratios mentioned above for the Bank comply with the Federal Reserve rules to align with the Basel III Capital requirements effective January 1, 2015. As a result of these new rules the Bank is now subject to a Common Equity Tier 1 ratio set out above.

 

Beginning January 1, 2016, a capital conservation buffer of 0.625% became effective. The capital conservation buffer will be gradually increased through January 1, 2019 to 2.5%. Banks will be required to maintain levels that meet the required minimum plus the capital conservation buffer in order to make distributions, such as dividends, or discretionary bonus payments.

 

Total assets increased in 2016 and we anticipate asset levels to increase in the future due to an emphasis on growing the loan portfolio and the core deposit base of the Bank. Under current economic conditions, we believe it is prudent to continue to increase capital to support planned asset growth while being able to absorb potential losses that may occur if asset quality deteriorates further. Based upon projections, we believe our earnings will be sufficient to support the Bank’s planned asset growth.

 

No cash dividends have been paid historically and and we do not anticipate paying a cash dividend in the foreseeable future as the Company continues to have a retained deficit. Earnings will continue to be retained to build capital and position the Company to pay a dividend to its shareholders as soon as practicable.

 

 

Liquidity

 

We closely monitor our liquidity and our liquid assets in the form of cash, due from banks, federal funds sold, and unpledged available-for-sale investments. Collectively, those balances were $94.2 million at December 31, 2016, down from $112.6 million at December 31, 2015. A surplus of short-term assets are maintained at levels management deems adequate to meet potential liquidity needs during 2017.

 

At December 31, 2016, all of our investments are classified as available-for-sale, providing an additional source of liquidity in the amount of $58.7 million, which is net of the $11.3 million of securities pledged as collateral. This will serve as a source of liquidity while yielding a higher return when compared to other short term investment options, such as federal funds sold and overnight deposits with the Federal Reserve Bank. Due to maturities, paydowns, and sales of securities to fund loan growth our investment portfolio has declined from $101.6 million at December 31, 2015 to $70.0 million at December 31, 2016.

 

A $195 thousand decrease in fair market value resulted in a net unrealized loss of $691 thousand at December 31, 2016 compared to the net unrealized loss at December 31, 2015, which was $496 thousand. This unrealized loss of $691 thousand could negatively impact earnings if the investment portfolio had to be quickly liquidated.

 

Our loan to deposit ratio was 84.52% at December 31, 2016 and 79.06% at year end 2015.

 

Available third party sources of liquidity remain intact at December 31, 2016 which includes the following: our line of credit with the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (“FHLB”), the brokered certificates of deposit markets, internet certificates of deposit, and the discount window at the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond. In May 2015, we received notification that a $3.0 million unsecured federal funds line of credit facility with a correspondent bank had been reinstated. In February 2016, we received notification that this facility had been increased to $5.0 million. In March 2016, we received notification that another correspondent bank had reinstated an unsecured federal funds line of credit facility in the amount of $5.0 million. As a result we had the ability to borrow $10.0 million in unsecured federal funds as of December 31, 2016, which gives us an additional source of liquidity.

 

At December 31, 2016, we had borrowings from the FHLB totaling $13.8 million as compared to $3.0 million at December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2016, $1.8 million of these borrowings had fixed interest rates with an average yield of 4.07%, and a maturity date in 2018. In June 2016 the Bank borrowed $2.0 million with a maturity date in the year 2019 and $5.0 million with a maturity date in the year 2021. Both borrowings have fixed interest rates and interest is payable monthly, with a interest rate of 0.99% on the $2.0 million borrowing and an interest rate of 1.38% on the $5.0 million borrowing. In December 2016, the Bank borrowed $5.0 million with a maturity date in March 2017 and a fixed interest rate of 0.69%, with interest payable monthly.

 

We also used our line of credit with the FHLB to issue a letter of credit for $7.0 million in 2013 and letters of credit totaling $5.0 million in 2015 to the Treasury Board of Virginia for collateral on public funds. An additional $120.9 million was available on December 31, 2016 on the $146.6 million line of credit, which is secured by a blanket lien on our residential real estate loans.

 

We have access to the brokered deposits market. Currently we have $2.7 million in 10 year term time deposits comprised of $3 thousand incremental deposits which yield an interest rate of 4.10%. With the exception of Certificate of Deposit Registry Service (“CDARS”) time deposits, we have no other brokered deposits. In February 2016, our ability to participate in CDARS one way buys was reinstated. As of December 31, 2016 we had $3.9 million in CDARS one way buys outstanding.

 

We are a member of an internet certificate of deposit network whereby we may obtain funds from other financial institutions at auction. We may invest funds through this network as well. Currently, we only intend to use this source of liquidity in a liquidity crisis event.

 

The Bank has access to additional liquidity through the Federal Reserve Bank’s Discount Window for overnight funding needs. We may collateralize this line with investment securities and loans at our discretion; however, we do not anticipate using this funding source except as a last resort.

 

 

With the on-balance sheet liquidity and other external sources of funding, we believe the Bank has adequate liquidity and capital resources to meet our requirements and needs for the foreseeable future. However, liquidity can be further affected by a number of factors such as counterparty willingness or ability to extend credit, regulatory actions and customer preferences, etc., some of which are beyond our control.

 

New Peoples has $813 thousand in cash as of December 31, 2016, which is on deposit at the Bank. These funds will be used to pay operating expenses, trust preferred interest payments, and provide additional capital injections to the Bank, if needed.

 

During the month of October 2015, a member of the board of directors of the Company and his family exercised 233,886 common stock warrants at a price of $1.75 per share. During the month of November 2015, another member of the board of directors of the Company exercised 225,000 common stock warrants at a price of $1.75 per share. During the month of December 2015, another member of the board of directors of the Company and his family exercised 16,542 common stock warrants at a price of $1.75 per share. As a result of these exercises an additional $832 thousand of capital was raised at the Company.

 

The Company is making quarterly interest payments on the trust preferred securities. The restriction requiring regulatory approval before the payment of interest on the trust preferred securities was lifted when the Written Agreement was terminated effective January 20, 2016. See Note 21 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of our trust preferred securities.

 

During the capital raise in 2012, common stock warrants were issued to investors. The warrants are immediately exercisable through December 2017 at a price of $1.75 per share. During 2015, 475,428 warrants were exercised, and in 2016 375 warrants were exercised which reduced the number of warrants outstanding at December 31, 2016 to 881,978. If these warrants are exercised, additional funds may be received by the Company, which provides potentially up to $1.5 million in additional liquidity and capital.

 

Financial Instruments with Off-Balance-Sheet Risk

 

The Bank is a party to financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit. Those instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit and interest rate risk in excess of the amount recognized in the balance sheet. The contract or notional amounts of those instruments reflect the extent of involvement the Bank has in particular classes of financial instruments.

 

The Bank’s exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit is represented by the contractual amount of those instruments. The Bank uses the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as it does for on-balance-sheet instruments.

 

A summary of the contract amount of the Bank’s exposure to off-balance-sheet risk as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 is as follows:

 

       
(Dollars in thousands)   2016   2015
Financial instruments whose contract amounts represent credit risk:        
Commitments to extend credit $ 34,770 $ 27,742
Standby letters of credit   2,019   2,435

 

Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to a customer as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses and may require payment of a fee. Since many of the commitments are expected to expire without being drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. The Bank evaluates each customer’s credit worthiness on a case-by-case basis. The amount of collateral obtained, if deemed necessary by the Bank upon extension of credit, is based on management’s credit evaluation of the counterparty. Collateral held varies but may include accounts receivable, inventory, property and equipment, and income-producing commercial properties.

 

 

Unfunded commitments under lines of credit are commitments for possible future extensions of credit to existing customers. Those lines of credit may not actually be drawn upon to the total extent to which the Bank is committed.

 

Standby letters of credit are conditional commitments issued by the Bank to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. Those guarantees are primarily issued to support public and private borrowing arrangements, including commercial paper, bond financing, and similar transactions. The credit risk involved in issuing letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved in extending loan facilities to customers. The Bank holds certificates of deposit, deposit accounts, and real estate as collateral supporting those commitments for which collateral is deemed necessary.

 

Interest Sensitivity

 

At December 31, 2016, we had a negative cumulative gap rate sensitivity ratio of 35.19% for the one year re-pricing period, compared to 40.13% at December 31, 2015. A negative cumulative gap generally indicates that net interest income would improve in a declining interest rate environment as liabilities re-price more quickly than assets. Conversely, net interest income would likely decrease in periods during which interest rates are increasing. The below table is based on contractual maturities and does not take into consideration prepayment speeds of investment securities and loans nor does it factor decay rates for non maturity deposits. Based on these behavioral factors, we are in a position to increase interest income in a rising interest rate environment. Management reviews our interest rate risk profile quarterly and believes that the current position presents acceptable risk.

 

                           
                             
Interest Sensitivity Analysis
December 31, 2016
(Dollars in thousands)
    1- 90 Days   91-365 Days   1-3 Years   4-5 Years   6-15 Years   Over 15 Years   Total
Uses of funds:
Loans $ 51,088 $ 37,643 $ 109,754 $ 100,929 $ 106,915 $ 62,300 $ 468,629
Federal funds sold 132 - - - - - 132
Deposits with banks 16,816 - - - - - 16,816
Investments 14,600 2,411 734 3,848 21,664 26,754 70,011
Bank owned life insurance 12,274 - - - - - 12,274
Total earning assets $ 94,910   40,054 $ 110,488 $ 104,777 $ 128,579 $ 89,054 $ 567,862
 
Sources of funds:
Interest Bearing DDA $ 40,213 $ - $ - $ - $ - $ -   40,213
Savings & MMDA 114,492 - - - - - 114,492
Time Deposits 54,552 104,069 41,211 47,987 - - 247,819
Trust preferred securities 16,496 - - - - - 16,496
Other borrowings 5,000 - 3,758 5,000 - - 13,758
Total interest bearing liabilities $ 230,753 $ 104,069 $ 44,969 $ 52,987 $ - $ - $ 432,778
Discrete Gap $ (135,843) $ (64,015) $ 65,519 $ 51,790 $ 128,579 $ 89,054 $ 135,084
Cumulative Gap $ (135,843) $ (199,858) $ (134,339) $ (82,549) $ 46,030 $ 135,084    
Cumulative Gap as % of Total Earning Assets (23.92%) (35.19%) (23.66%) (14.54%) 8.11% 23.79%  
                                 

 

 

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable.


Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

CONTENTS  
  Page
   
Report of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 34
          
Consolidated Balance Sheets  
December 31, 2016 and 2015 35
   
Consolidated Statements of Income – Years Ended  
December 31, 2016 and 2015 36
   
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income – Years Ended  
     December 31, 2016 and 2015 37
   
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity – Years Ended 38
December 31, 2016 and 2015  
   
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Years Ended  
December 31, 2016 and 2015 39
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 40

 

 

 

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm



To the Board of Directors and Stockholders
New Peoples Bankshares, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Honaker, Virginia


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of New Peoples Bankshares, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders' equity and cash flows for the years then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) and in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of New Peoples Bankshares, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.


/s/ Elliott Davis Decosimo, LLC

Greenville, South Carolina

March 13, 2017

 

Elliott Davis Decosimo LLC | www.elliottdavis.com

 


 

NEW PEOPLES BANKSHARES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

(IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

 

         
         
ASSETS   2016   2015
         
Cash and due from banks $ 18,500 $ 15,087
Interest-bearing deposits with banks   16,816   11,251
Federal funds sold   132   -
Total Cash and Cash Equivalents   35,448   26,338
         
Investment securities available-for-sale   70,011   101,642
         
Loans receivable   468,629   441,169
Allowance for loan losses   (6,072)   (7,493)
Net Loans   462,557   433,676
         
Bank premises and equipment, net   29,985   28,148
Equity securities (restricted)   2,802   2,441
Other real estate owned   10,655   12,398
Accrued interest receivable   1,848   1,816
Life insurance investments   12,274   12,105
Deferred taxes, net   5,285   5,121
Other assets   3,470   2,213
Total Assets $ 634,335 $ 625,898
         
LIABILITIES        
         
Deposits        
Demand deposits        
Noninterest bearing $ 151,914 $ 149,714
Interest-bearing   40,213   30,251
Savings deposits   114,492   121,076
Time deposits   247,819   256,978
Total Deposits   554,438   558,019
         
FHLB advances   13,758   2,958
Accrued interest payable   331   288
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   2,395   2,050
Trust preferred securities   16,496   16,496
Total Liabilities   587,418   579,811
         
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
Common stock - $2.00 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized;        
23,354,457 and 23,354,082 shares issued and outstanding at        
December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively   46,709   46,708
Common stock warrants   764   764
Additional paid-in capital   13,965   13,965
Retained deficit   (14,065)   (15,023)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (456)   (327)
Total Stockholders’ Equity   46,917   46,087
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $ 634,335 $ 625,898
         

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.  

 

 

NEW PEOPLES BANKSHARES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

(IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE DATA)

 

         
         
INTEREST AND DIVIDEND INCOME   2016   2015
Loans including fees $ 22,644 $ 23,671
Federal funds sold   -   2
Interest-earning deposits with banks   84   91
Investments   1,480   1,759
Dividends on equity securities (restricted)   138   132
Total Interest and Dividend Income   24,346   25,655
         
INTEREST EXPENSE        
Deposits        
Demand   50   37
Savings   166   173
Time deposits below $100,000   1,087   1,343
Time deposits above $100,000   655   916
FHLB advances   152   145
Federal funds purchased   2   -
Trust preferred securities   508   440
Total Interest Expense   2,620   3,054
         
NET INTEREST INCOME   21,726   22,601
         
PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES   (500)   (2,200)
         
NET INTEREST INCOME AFTER PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES   22,226   24,801
         
NONINTEREST INCOME        
Service charges   2,850   2,216
Fees, commission and other income   3,507   3,247
Insurance and investment fees   462   559
Net realized gains on sale of investment securities   303   35
Life insurance investment income   169   346
Total Noninterest Income   7,291   6,403
         
NONINTEREST EXPENSES        
Salaries and employee benefits   13,126   11,823
Occupancy and equipment expenses   4,157   3,865
Advertising and public relations   449   407
Data processing and telecommunications   2,403   2,149
FDIC insurance premiums   470   842
Other real estate owned and repossessed assets, net   2,193   4,088
Other operating expenses   5,770   5,349
Total Noninterest Expenses   28,568   28,523
         
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES   949   2,681
         
INCOME TAX EXPENSE (BENEFIT)   (9)   19
         
NET INCOME $ 958 $ 2,662
         
Income Per Share        
Basic and Diluted $ 0.04 $ 0.12
Average Weighted Shares of Common Stock        
Basic and Diluted   23,354,155   22,955,391

 

    The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 

NEW PEOPLES BANKSHARES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

         
         
    2016   2015
         
NET INCOME $ 958 $ 2,662
         
Other comprehensive loss:        
     Investment securities activity:        
          Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the year   108   (356)
          Tax related to unrealized gains (losses)   (37)   121
          Reclassification of realized gains during the year   (303)   (35)
          Tax related to realized gains   103   12
TOTAL OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS   (129)   (258)
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME $ 829 $ 2,404

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 

NEW PEOPLES BANKSHARES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2015

(IN THOUANDS INCLUDING SHARE DATA)

 

                           
                           
 

 

 

 

 

Shares of

Common

Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

 

 

 

Common

Stock

Warrants

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

Paid in

Capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retained

Deficit

 

Accumu-lated

Other Compre-hensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

Balance,

December 31, 2014

 

22,878

 

$

 

45,757

 

$

 

1,176

 

$

 

13,672

 

$

 

(17,685)

 

$

 

(69)

 

$

 

42,851

                           
Net income -   -   -   -   2,662   -   2,662
                           
Exercise of common stock warrants 476   951   (412)   293   -   -   832